Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(7 words)

rak̲h̲āwa (A) : softness. Zumurrud


(48 words)

raḳīb (A) : ‘guardian, vigilant one who knows everything that takes place’; one of the names of God. Raʿiyya In Arabic …


(29 words)

rākib (A, pl. rukkāb) : in some brotherhoods in North Africa, a courier who served to link the local Zā…


(57 words)

rāḳid (A, N.Afr rāged or bū mergūd) : lit. sleeping child; in law, a foetus which is considered to have st…


(27 words)

raḳīḳ (A) : the generic term for slave. al-Abbāsiyya raḳīḳa (A, pl. raḳāʾiḳ) : an action that elevates man (in t…


(32 words)

raḳḳ (A), or riḳḳ : parchment, used alongside other terms used in a less specific manner, such as ḳirṭā…


(41 words)

rakkāḍ (A) : a type of merchant in mediaeval Islam, the itinerant trader who owes his profits to his…


(69 words)

raḳḳāṣ (A, Fr rekkas) : in the Muslim West, a messenger who travels on foot long distances in order to …


(30 words)

raḳḳī (A, < Raḳḳa) : in the mediaeval Muslim world, a well-known kind of coarse soap, similar to date-p…


(44 words)

raḳṣ (A) : dance, generally frowned upon in Islam for it is connected with ecstasy. Raḳḳāda raḳṣ-i bismil …


(17 words)

rakwa (A) : a leather bowl, one of the ṣūfī paraphernalia. Sad̲jd̲j̲āda; a waterbottle. al-Walīd


(11 words)

ramād (A) : ordinary ashes; ashes for washing. Ramaḍān-Zāde


(58 words)

ramad (A) : in medicine, ophthalmitis, inflammation of the eye, or ophthalmia (conjunctivitis), infl…


(24 words)

ramaḍān (A) : name of the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, the only month to be mentioned in the Qurʾān. Ramad


(22 words)

ramadiyya (A) : tramps, vagabonds, one of the numerous terms in the mediaeval and modern periods for…


(14 words)

ramaka (A) : in zoology, a mare of mixed breed. Faras; K̲h̲ayl


(57 words)

ramal (A) : a rapid pace. Ummī In prosody, the name of the eighth Arabic metre. ʿArūḍ; al-Rāmahurmuzī In music, a rhyt…
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