Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ramy al-d̲j̲imār

(58 words)

ramy al-d̲j̲imār (A) : lit. the throwing of pebbles’, a practice that probably goes back to early Ara…


(66 words)

ramz (A, pl. rumūz) : winking, signalling with your eyes and eyebrows; allusion, symbol, cypher. Rāmpur…


(61 words)

rank (P) : lit. colour, dye, a term used in mediaeval Arabic sources primarily to designate the embl…


(18 words)

rannaḳ (A) : ‘feeble’, used to describe the sun in a poem by Ibn Rūmī. Waṣf


(41 words)

rapak (J) : a technical term for the charge made by the wife, at the court for matters of religion, …


(169 words)

raʾs (A, pl. ruʾūs, arʾus) : head; in geography, ~ is the common word for ‘cape’, but it also used with …


(21 words)

rasan (A) : the bozal, a bit preferred to the curb bit by Arab horsemen in the East. Furūsiyya


(50 words)

raṣāṣ (A), or usrub : in mineralogy, lead, which was mostly obtained from galena (lead sulphide). Maʿdin raṣāṣ ḳalʿī …


(21 words)

ras̲h̲ād (A) : in botany, cress or rocket, forbidden by al-Ḥākim in addition to the classical food p…


(17 words)

rās̲h̲idūn (A, s. rās̲h̲id) : orthodox, or rightly-guided. For the first four caliphs, al-k̲h̲ulafāʾ al…


(19 words)

ras̲h̲wa (A, pl. rus̲h̲ā) : in law, ‘bribe’, which is strictly forbidden by law. Ras̲h̲tī, Sayyid Kāẓim


(181 words)

rasm (A, T resm) : the act of drawing, a drawing, not always distinguished from painting. Ras̲h̲wa; al-~ al-ḥadīt̲h̲ ‘…


(31 words)

rass (A) : in prosody, the vowel (always a) immediately before the alif of the Taʾsīs, the alif of prolongation place…
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