Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(47 words)

ṭafra (A) : lit. leap or impulsive movement; in philosophy, a term in the anti-atomistic theory of a…


(51 words)

tafsīr (A) : exegetic interpretation; commentary on the Qurʾān. Allāh; Iṣlāḥ; Muḥammad; S̲h̲arḥ; Tāf…


(45 words)

tāfta (P, > It taffeta, Ger Taft) : a silk cloth of technically simple plain or tabby weave, usually dyed …


(59 words)

tafwīḍ (A) : a theological doctrine, according to which God had entrusted the care of the worldly cr…


(54 words)

tafwīḳ (A) : in archery, nocking. This consists of bracing the arrow’s nock ( fūḳ) on the binding of the bow-strin…


(20 words)

taggalt (Touareg) : in Touareg society, the bride-price, paid by the groom-to-be’s father to the bri…


(28 words)

tag̲h̲azzul (T) : in Turkish prosody, the section of the Ḳaṣīda which embraces subjects more often f…


(10 words)

tag̲h̲bīr (A) : cantillation (of the Qurʾān). G̲h̲ināʾ


(8 words)

ṭāg̲h̲iya (A) : a tyrant. Ḳayṣar


(33 words)

tag̲h̲rīr (A) : fraud, deception; in law, a fraudulent action (by a g̲h̲ārr) that takes place against a second p…


(73 words)

ṭāg̲h̲ūt (A, pl. ṭawāg̲h̲īt) : in pre- and early Islamic usage, the pre-Islamic deities like al-Lāt and…


(13 words)

ṭag̲h̲w (A) : mountain peak, any high place. Tag̲h̲lib b. Wāʾil


(26 words)

tagra : a leather bucket for drawing water in Tagorri, the ʿAfar dialect of Tadjura, which name is d…


(22 words)

tāgulmust (Touareg) : the famous headveil with which the Touareg man covers his entire face except f…


(72 words)

ṭā-ḥā (A) : two isolated letters at the head of sura xx in the Qurʾān, taken to mean either an imperative (from the root w-ṭ…


(28 words)

tahad̲j̲d̲j̲ud (A) : sleep; to be awake, to keep a vigil, to perform the night Ṣalāt or the nightly …
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