Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(13 words)

taham (A), and tihāma : ‘land descending to the sea’. Tihāma


(12 words)

tahammul (A) : in law, the ‘acceptance of responsibility’. ʿĀḳila


(82 words)

taḥannut̲h̲ (A, < Heb) : a form of religious devotion, in which Muḥammad is said to have been engage…


(15 words)

ṭahār (A) : the name in Mecca for the rite of circumcision. K̲h̲itān


(55 words)

ṭahāra (A) : ritual purity, a necessary condition for the valid performance of prayer. Ibadan; Taḥannut̲h̲ ṭahāra ḥa…


(35 words)

taḥas̲h̲s̲h̲ada (A) : a term used by al-Hamdānī in the 4th/10th century for members of the tribal gr…


(35 words)

taḥayyur (A) : ‘ravishment’, the name given by the mystical order ʿĪsāwā to the ecstatic dancing pra…


(51 words)

taḥbīs (A) : in law, the process by means of which during his lifetime someone renounces ownership o…


(42 words)

taḥd̲j̲īr (A) : ‘delimitation’; in law, the defining of the limits of Mawāt land by e.g. setting sto…


(41 words)

ṭaḥḥān (A) : miller, owner and operator of a mill (ṭāḥūn) to grind wheat and other grains to produce flour. al-Ṭaḥāwī ṭaḥ…


(6 words)

ṭāhir Nad̲j̲is ṭāhirī Kāg̲h̲ad


(49 words)

taḥḳīḳ (A) : in Qurʾānic recitation, the term for slow recitation, slower than tartīl, which is the ideal form, a…


(26 words)

taḥkīm (A) : in law, arbitration (Ḥakam). Historically, ~ refers to the arbitration that took place …


(45 words)

taḥlīl (A) : the process by which something is made Ḥalāl ‘permissible’, e.g. in law, the intervenin…


(29 words)

tahlīl (A) : the saying of the formula lā ilāha illā ’llāh, the first element of the S̲h̲ahāda. Taḥkīm; jubilat…


(31 words)

ṭahmal (A) : in zoology, a silurus, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclature t…
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