Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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wabāʾ

(62 words)

wabāʾ (A, P wabā) : in medicine, an epidemic, pestilence, and theoretically distinguished from ṭāʿūn in the more s…

wabāl

(9 words)

wabāl (A) : in astrology, ‘detriment’. ʿUṭārid

wabar

(29 words)

wabar (A) : camel’s hair. Sūf ahl al-wabar ‘the people of the camel skin’, a designation for nomads, as opposed to ahl al…

waʿd

(75 words)

waʿd (A) : in eschatology, part of the dogma of al-waʿd wa ’l-waʿīd, promises and threats in the life beyond, on…

waʾd

(39 words)

waʾd (A) : infanticide, in pre-Islamic times generally of newborn daughters, who were buried alive ( waʾd al-banāt), …

waʿda

(9 words)

waʿda (A) : a communal meal. al-Sanūsī

wadaʿ

(71 words)

wadaʿ (A, s. wadaʿa), or wadʿ : cowrie shells, Cypraea moneta or Cypraea annulus, used in India and widely in Wes…

wadaad

(48 words)

wadaad (Somali) : in Somali society, a man of religion, who also mediates in disputes between lineag…

wad̲h̲ārī

(36 words)

wad̲h̲ārī : an expensive cloth of cotton woven on cotton made in the Transoxianan village of Wad̲h̲ā…

wādī

(55 words)

wādī (A, pl. widyān, awdiya) : a watercourse filled only at certain times of the year; stream channel. Ḏ…

waḍīʿa

(34 words)

waḍīʿa (P, < A) : in taxation matters, a tax schedule (syn. ṭisḳ) drawn up to meet the variety of physical condi…

wadīʿa

(78 words)

wadīʿa (A, pl. wadāʾiʿ) : in law, the legal contract that regulates depositing an object with another p…

wad̲j̲d

(32 words)

wad̲j̲d (A) : in mysticism, a technical term meaning ‘ecstasy, rapture’, feelings which dissociated …

wad̲j̲h

(21 words)

wad̲j̲h (A, pl. wud̲j̲ūh) : face; variant. Abū Tammām; in music, the belly of the ʿŪd. ʿŪd; and ʿIrḍ

wād̲j̲ib

(79 words)

wād̲j̲ib (A) : in theology, a synonym of Farḍ ‘a religious duty or obligation’, the omission of whic…

waḍʿ al-lug̲h̲a

(63 words)

waḍʿ al-lug̲h̲a (A) : lit. the establishment of language; in linguistics and legal theory, a view of…

wafaya

(9 words)

wafaya (A, pl. wafayāt) : obituary. al-Yūnīnī

wafd

(18 words)

wafd (A) : lit. delegation; the name of a nationalist political party in modern Egypt. Wafa

wafḍa

(25 words)

wafḍa (A) : originally, a shepherd’s leather bag; in archery, a quiver made from skin entirely, with…

wāfid

(44 words)

wāfid (A) : ‘one who comes, makes his way, in a delegation or group’ (syn. muwaffad); used in the collective, wāfidiyya,…

wāfir

(16 words)

wāfir (A) : in prosody, the name of the fourth Arabic metre. ʿArūḍ; Wāfidiyya

wafḳ

(47 words)

wafḳ (A, pl. awfāḳ) : lit. harmonious arrangement; in sorcery, a square, in the field of which certain …

wāḥa

(9 words)

wāḥa (A, pl. wāḥāt) : oasis. Wafḳ

waḥam

(43 words)

waḥam (A), also waḥām, wiḥām : pregnancy craving; little noted in the medical literature, in popular Isl…

waḥda

(96 words)

waḥda (A) : oneness; unit, unity, used as a technical term in philosophy and theology with these mea…

waḥf

(10 words)

waḥf (A) : a woman’s exuberant hair. S̲h̲aʿr

wahhābiyya

(20 words)

wahhābiyya (A) : in law, both the doctrine and the followers of Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb. Waḥdat al-S̲h̲uhūd

wāḥid

(13 words)

wāḥid (A), or fard, mufrad : in grammar, the singular. D̲j̲ālūt

wahm

(37 words)

wahm (A, pl. awhām) : lit. notion, supposition, in particular false notion, delusion; in philosophy, es…

waḥs̲h̲

(127 words)

waḥs̲h̲ (A, pl. wuḥūs̲h̲) : wild, desolate, uninhabited; a collective noun meaning ‘wild animals’. al-Wahrānī waḥs̲…

waḥy

(24 words)

waḥy (A) : a Qurʾānic term primarily denoting revelation in the form of communication with speech. W…

waʿīd

(25 words)

waʿīd (A) : the Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ite and Muʿtazilī doctrine of unconditional punishment of the unrepentant …

waʿil

(10 words)

waʿil (A) : in zoology, the ibex. Mahāt

wāʿiẓ

(69 words)

wāʿiẓ (A, pl. wuʿʿāẓ) : a preacher, mostly a preacher who gives sermons conveying admonishments ( waʿẓ, mawʿiẓa), the…

waḳʿa

(118 words)

waḳʿa (A) : part of the expression waḳʿat al-ḥufra ‘day of the ditch’, sometimes considered a literary topos…

waḳaʿa

(15 words)

waḳaʿa (A), or awḳaʿa : in grammar, the nearest thing to ‘transitive’. Sībawayhi

wakāla

(64 words)

wakāla (A) : in law, power of attorney or deputyship. Ṭawāf; Waḳʿa-Nüwīs In mediaeval Islam, a meeting-place in …

waḳf

(308 words)

waḳf (A, pl. awḳāf), or ḥubus, ḥabs : in law, the act of found a charitable trust and hence the trust itse…

wāḳīʿa-niwīs

(4 words)

wāḳīʿa-niwīs Mad̲j̲lis-Niwīs

wāḳif

(69 words)

wāḳif (A), or muḥabbis : the founder of a Waḳf. Waḳf al-wāḳifa, or al-wāḳifiyya lit. t…

wakīl

(246 words)

wakīl (A, pl. wukalāʾ; T wekīl) : agent; in the context of the pilgrimage, the ~ is especially used to de…

wakīr

(43 words)

wakīr (A) : a flock of more than two hundred sheep or goats. When several ~ are joined together with…

waḳḳād

(18 words)

waḳḳād (A, Tun sak̲h̲k̲h̲ān) : the ‘stoker’ of the furnace of a ḥammām ‘steam bath’. Ḥammām
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