Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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aḥābīs̲h̲

(65 words)

aḥābīs̲h̲ (A) : Abyssinians (Ḥabas̲h̲); companies or bodies of men, not all of one tribe. Ḥabas̲h̲, …

āḥād

(36 words)

āḥād (A, s. aḥad) : in the science of Tradition, ~ are Traditions from a relatively small number of tra…

ahal

(18 words)

ahal (Touareg), or tende : grand parties held by unmarried young people in Touareg society. Ṭawāriḳ

ʿahd

(225 words)

ʿahd (A, pl. ʿuhūd) : ‘joining together’; a contract. Ahaggar; a written designation of succession left…

aḥdab

(9 words)

aḥdab (A) : hunchback. Abū Yaʿḳūb Yūsuf

aḥdāt̲h̲

(75 words)

aḥdāt̲h̲ (A) : lit. young men; a kind of urban militia, whose function was that of a police, which p…

aḥfara

(4 words)

aḥfara It̲h̲t̲h̲ag̲h̲ara

ʿāhira

(6 words)

ʿāhira (pl. ʿawāhir) Bag̲h̲iyy

aḥḳāf

(43 words)

aḥḳāf (A) : the title of sūra xlvi of the Qurʾān; in geography, a term variously translated as ‘curv…

aḥkām

(69 words)

aḥkām (A, s. Ḥukm) : judicial decisions. Aḥdāt̲h̲; juridical and moral rules. Iṣlāḥ; astrological si…

ahl

(974 words)

ahl (A, pl. ahāl) : family, inmates, people, meaning those dwelling in a defined area but not specifica…

aḥlāf

(23 words)

aḥlāf (A, s. Ḥilf) : a group formed by all but one of Zayd b. ʿAbd Allāh’s descendants. Tamīm b. Murr

aḥmāl

(43 words)

aḥmāl (A) : one of two groups ( al-aḥmāl) formed by the sons of Yarbūʿ b. Ḥanẓala, which was made up of four…

aḥmar

(25 words)

aḥmar (A) : the colour red, the colour for which Arabic terminology is the richest. Lawn, where many…

aḥnāf

(13 words)

aḥnāf (A) : the characteristic of having misshapen feet. Aḥmadu Lobbo

āhū

(13 words)

āhū : gazelles, or deer, on the island of Samos. Sīs
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