Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(65 words)

aḥābīs̲h̲ (A) : Abyssinians (Ḥabas̲h̲); companies or bodies of men, not all of one tribe. Ḥabas̲h̲, …


(36 words)

āḥād (A, s. aḥad) : in the science of Tradition, ~ are Traditions from a relatively small number of tra…


(18 words)

ahal (Touareg), or tende : grand parties held by unmarried young people in Touareg society. Ṭawāriḳ


(225 words)

ʿahd (A, pl. ʿuhūd) : ‘joining together’; a contract. Ahaggar; a written designation of succession left…


(9 words)

aḥdab (A) : hunchback. Abū Yaʿḳūb Yūsuf


(75 words)

aḥdāt̲h̲ (A) : lit. young men; a kind of urban militia, whose function was that of a police, which p…


(4 words)

aḥfara It̲h̲t̲h̲ag̲h̲ara


(6 words)

ʿāhira (pl. ʿawāhir) Bag̲h̲iyy


(43 words)

aḥḳāf (A) : the title of sūra xlvi of the Qurʾān; in geography, a term variously translated as ‘curv…


(69 words)

aḥkām (A, s. Ḥukm) : judicial decisions. Aḥdāt̲h̲; juridical and moral rules. Iṣlāḥ; astrological si…


(974 words)

ahl (A, pl. ahāl) : family, inmates, people, meaning those dwelling in a defined area but not specifica…


(23 words)

aḥlāf (A, s. Ḥilf) : a group formed by all but one of Zayd b. ʿAbd Allāh’s descendants. Tamīm b. Murr


(43 words)

aḥmāl (A) : one of two groups ( al-aḥmāl) formed by the sons of Yarbūʿ b. Ḥanẓala, which was made up of four…


(25 words)

aḥmar (A) : the colour red, the colour for which Arabic terminology is the richest. Lawn, where many…


(13 words)

aḥnāf (A) : the characteristic of having misshapen feet. Aḥmadu Lobbo


(13 words)

āhū : gazelles, or deer, on the island of Samos. Sīs
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