Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(14 words)

āpa : ‘older sister’, an important term in Özbeg kinship terminologies. Özbeg


(16 words)

apadāna (MidP) : in architecture, a hypostile audience-hall of the Persian kings. Architecture f.


(109 words)

ʿār (A) : shame, opprobrium, dishonour. Anzarūt In North Africa, ~ presupposes a transfer of responsibility…


(82 words)

ʿarab (A) : Bedouins; Arabs. The tribes that were the first to speak Arabic after the confusion of t…


(75 words)

ʿaraba (T, < A ʿArrāda), or ʿarabiyya : a cart, introduced into Mamlūk Egypt. Its name supplanted ʿAd̲j̲al…


(55 words)

ʿaraḍ (A, pl. aʿrāḍ) : the translation of the Aristotelian term συμβεβηκός ‘accident’, denoting 1) that which c…


(25 words)

aʿrāf (A, s. ʿurf) : ‘elevated places’; a term used in the Qurʾān, in an eschatological judgement scene…


(17 words)

ʿarāʾis̲h̲ (A) : brushwood huts, in Western Arabia. Abu ’l-ʿArab; trellises of grape vines. ʿArafa


(9 words)

araḳ (A) : in medicine, insomnia. Zuhdiyya


(11 words)

ʿaraḳ (A) : wine made from the grape. Maṭbak̲h̲


(97 words)

ʿaraḳiyya (A) : a skull cap, often embroidered, worn by both sexes by itself or under the head-dress…


(56 words)

arəḳḳas (Kabyle, < A Raḳḳāṣ) : a simple contrivance of a water-mill made from a pin fixed on a small…


(16 words)

arand̲j̲ (A) : a cotton product from Ḵh̲sup:wārazm that enjoyed a great reputation. Ḳuṭn


(18 words)

ʿaraṣa (A) : in Mamlūk times, an open unroofed space used e.g. for storing cereals. Sūḳ
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