Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(74 words)

awwal (A, pl. Awāʾil) : first. In philosophy, ~ was brought into Muslim thought by the Arab translators of…


(61 words)

awzān (A, s. Wazn) : in music, a Turkish instrument popular with the Mamlūk sultans of Egypt. Ibn G̲…


(70 words)

āya (A, pl. āyāt) : sign, token; miracle; a verse of the Qurʾān. al-Awzāʿī; al-Ḳurʾān; miracle of the p…


(127 words)

aʿyān (A, s. ʿAyn) : notables, the eminent under the caliphate and subsequent Muslim regimes. Aya Solūk; Dustūr Under …


(13 words)

ʿayb (A) : a fault in a person. K̲h̲āṣṣekī; and Kabāra


(10 words)

ayhuḳān (A) : in botany, wild rocket. Naʿām


(38 words)

ayḳas̲h̲ (A) : a system according to which the ṭālibs ‘students’ of North Africa use the numerical value of l…


(18 words)

aym (A) : in zoology, a large snake, called yaym on the Arabian peninsula. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(222 words)

ʿayn (A) : eye; evil eye; the thing viewed; source. Aymak; a flowing spring. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab; obs…


(24 words)

ayran (T) : a cool refreshing drink made from Yog̲h̲urt and water, called dūg̲h̲ in Persian and lassi in India. Yi̊ld…


(21 words)

ayt (B) : ‘sons of’, used either in compounds, or before a proper noun to indicate a tribe. ʿAynṭāb


(59 words)

aywaz (T, < A ʿiwaḍ) : a term applied to the footmen employed in great households in the later Ottoman e…


(81 words)

ʿayyār (A) : lit. rascal, tramp, vagabond; a term applied to certain warriors who were grouped toget…


(47 words)

ayyil (A) : in zoology, the mountain goat. The descriptions given by the zoologists, however, apply …


(51 words)

ʿazab (A, T ʿ azeb) : lit. an unmarried man or woman, a virgin; the term applied to several types of fig…


(20 words)

ʿazāba (A, < ʿIṣāba ?) : a headdress with pearls and gold worn in Morocco and Egypt. Tulband


(34 words)

azal (A) : eternity; in philosophy, ~ or azaliyya is a technical term corresponding to ἀγένητος, meaning ung…
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