Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(29 words)

bhakti (H) : a north Indian movement, sometimes seen incorrectly as a Hindu reaction seeking to stre…


(39 words)

bhāng (< San bhaṅga, A Band̲j̲, P bang) : in India, a product of the dried leaves of hemp reduced to powder…


(40 words)

bībī (T) : originally, ‘little old mother’, ‘grandmother’, ‘woman of high rank’, ~ was used in Ottom…


(101 words)

bidʿa (A) : innovation, a belief or practice for which there is no precedent in the time of the Prop…


(26 words)

bīdār (A) : in Oman and Trucial Oman the official subordinate to the ʿArīf, the latter being in char…


(35 words)

bīg̲h̲ā : a standard measure of area in Muslim India, divided into twenty Bīswā. The ~ varied consid…


(11 words)

big̲h̲āʾ (A) : the Qurʾānic term for prostitution. al-Biblāwī


(10 words)

bikr (A) : a virgin girl. Ḥaḍāna; ʿUrs

bi-lā kayf

(42 words)

bi-lā kayf (A) : lit. without how, i.e. without specifying manner or modality; in theology, a doctri…


(12 words)

billawr (A, < Gk ?) : in mineralogy, rock-crystal. Bilḳīs


(16 words)

bilmed̲j̲e (T) : the name given to popular riddles among the Ottoman Turks. Bilma


(21 words)

bilyūn (Mor), or gersh : a coin with the value of a twentieth of a douro or Riyāl. Ḥasanak


(14 words)

bīmāristān (P) : a hospital; in modern usage, a lunatic asylum. Bilmed̲j̲e


(43 words)

bināʾ (A) : building, the art of the builder or mason. Bīmāristān In grammar, the state of a word that is fixed …


(78 words)

biñbas̲h̲i̊ (T) : ‘head of a thousand’; a Turkish military rank. It appears as early as 729/1328-29 …


(42 words)

binis̲h̲ (T) : a kind of very full caftan with wide sleeves, worn most frequently as a travelling or…


(47 words)

binn : a Druze term denoting one of a number of earlier races or sects, said to have been a group of…
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