Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(24 words)

bocca : a mini-community, specific to the Wans̲h̲arīs massif in central Algeria, whose administrativ…


(105 words)

bölük (T) : in Eastern Turkish and in Persian, ~ designated a province or region. Bolu In Ottoman Turkey, from the t…


(43 words)

börk (T) : the most widespread Turkish head-gear in Ottoman Turkey, the ~ was in a cone or helmet sh…


(42 words)

boru (T), and Nefīr : a trumpet without holes which could produce five notes within an ambitus of on…


(121 words)

bostānd̲j̲i̊ (T, < P būstān ‘garden’) : a term applied in the old Ottoman state organisation to people e…


(16 words)

budd (A, P but; pl. bidada) : a temple, pagoda; Buddha; an idol. Buʿāt̲h̲


(21 words)

būd̲j̲ādī (A, < abd̲j̲ād) : in North Africa, used for ‘beginner’, literally, ‘one still at the abecedar…


(53 words)

budūḥ (A) : an artificial talismanic word formed from the elements of the simple three-fold magic sq…


(36 words)

bug̲h̲āt (A, s. bāg̲h̲ī) : ‘rebels’; in law, sectarian-minded Muslims who reject the authority of the r…


(51 words)

bug̲h̲tāḳ : a bonnet worn by Īlk̲h̲ānid princesses. It consisted of a light wood frame covered with …


(31 words)

buhār (A) : in zoology, the diacope, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclature …


(40 words)

buḥayra (A, dim. of baḥra) : lake. In North Africa, ~ ( bḥēra) denotes a low-lying plain; its most common meanin…


(72 words)

būḳ (A) : in music, the generic name for any instrument of the horn or trumpet family. al-Buḥturī; a…


(76 words)

buḳʿa (A), or baḳʿa : a region which is distinguishable from its surroundings, more particularly a depr…


(27 words)

būḳalā (Alg) : a two-handled pottery vase used by women in the course of the divinatory practices to…


(32 words)

būḳalamūn (A) : a coloured (violet, red and green) cloth, with a moiré, watered-silk effect, produce…
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