Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(24 words)

čhad̲j̲d̲j̲ā : an architectural feature found in Indian mosques, namely, the eaves pent to throw off…


(82 words)

čhatrī (H, < San, dim. of čhattra) : lit. umbrella; an Indo-Muslim architectural form of the čhattra, sc. small, can…


(45 words)

chêng (Ch) : a Chinese musical instrument which was probably not used by Islamic peoples, although k…


(37 words)

chundawand (H) : a custom among Indian Muslims by which the group, being the sons of each wife, is e…


(100 words)

čiftlik (T, < P d̲j̲uft ‘pair’ + Turkish suffix lik), or čift : farm. In Ottoman times it designated, at first, a …


(95 words)

čift-resmi (T) : the basic land tax in the Ottoman empire paid in principle by every Muslim peasant possessing one čift


(46 words)

čihra (U) : descriptive rolls for the soldiers of the Indian army, introduced by Akbar to check evas…


(91 words)

čilla (P, A al-arbaʿīniyya) : a quadragesimal fast. Bāyazīd (or Bāzīd as engraved on his seal,; forty d…


(47 words)

čirāg̲h̲ (T, pl. čirāg̲h̲ān) : a means of illumination, such as candle, torch or lamp. Čirāg̲h̲ān festivities, in w…


(26 words)

čīt (P, T, H čhint) : chintz, a popular British imitation of Indian muslin that enjoyed demand in the Ot…


(86 words)

čitak (Serb ‘coarse’, pl. čitaci) : in some parts of southern Serbia and Bulgaria, designation of Bulgar…


(31 words)

čizme (T) : the most widespread shoes in Turkey during the Ottoman period, with a high leg reaching …