Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(77 words)

hiba (A) : a gift, especially that from a more highly placed person to one on a lower level of socie…


(17 words)

ḥibāla (A, pl. ḥabāyil), or uḥbūla : in hunting, a snare with a draw-net. Sayābid̲j̲a


(29 words)

ḥibāra (A) : in early Islam, a striped garment similar to the Burda and said to be the favourite gar…


(10 words)

ḥidāʾ (A) : in zoology, the kite. Bayzara


(19 words)

ḥidd (A, pl. ḥudūd) : a term in the Persian Gulf for a sand bank. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(41 words)

hid̲j̲āʾ (A) : a curse; an invective diatribe or insult in verse, an insulting poem; an epigram; a s…


(91 words)

ḥid̲j̲āb (A) : the veil. ʿĀʾila; Hid̲j̲āʾ; the curtain behind which caliphs and rulers concealed the…


(165 words)

hid̲j̲ra (A) : the emigration of Muḥammad from Mecca to Medina in September 622; the era of the ~, d…


(5 words)

hid̲j̲ris Rubāḥ; T̲h̲aʿlab


(24 words)

hid̲j̲wiyya (T, < A) : in Turkish literature, a satirical Ḳaṣīda attacking an enemy or someone of wh…


(128 words)

ḥikāya (A) : ‘imitation’, hence tale, narrative, story, legend. Hid̲j̲ra; in the Fihrist, ~ is used in the sense…


(13 words)

ḥiḳḳa (A) : a female camel in its fourth year. Zakāt


(32 words)

ḥikma (A) : wisdom; science and philosophy. Ḥikāya; Sunna; and Dār Al-Ḥikma In the Qurʾān, ~ is used in several …
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