Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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k̲h̲āʾ

(28 words)

k̲h̲āʾ (A) : the seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed k̲h̲, with the numerical value 600. It is d…

k̲h̲abal

(13 words)

k̲h̲abal (A) : in medicine, possession, as in being possessed. Dam

k̲h̲abar

(137 words)

k̲h̲abar (A, pl. ak̲h̲bār, ak̲h̲ābir) : a report, piece of information, especially of a historical, biog…

k̲h̲abbāz

(9 words)

k̲h̲abbāz (A) : a baker. K̲h̲ūbmesīḥīs; Sūḳ

k̲h̲abl

(25 words)

k̲h̲abl (A) : in prosody, a type of double deviation (Ziḥāf), whereby there are two cases per foot, …

k̲h̲abn

(30 words)

k̲h̲abn (A) : in prosody, a deviation in the metre because of the loss of the second consonant of a foot, e.g. the sīn in mu[…

k̲h̲abrāʾ

(131 words)

k̲h̲abrāʾ (A, pl. k̲h̲abārī) : in geography, a silt flat, as is common in the Syrian desert, which comp…

k̲h̲abūṭ

(17 words)

k̲h̲abūṭ (A) : in the terminology of horse-riding, a horse that stamps its fore-feet. Furūsiyya

k̲h̲adam

(39 words)

k̲h̲adam (A, pl. k̲h̲uddām) : collective noun for ‘free servants’; further used, often linked in paronomasia with ḥas…

k̲h̲adang

(17 words)

k̲h̲adang : a wood, probably birch, native to Čāč (now Tas̲h̲kent) in Central Asia. Tas̲h̲kent

k̲h̲add al-ʿad̲h̲rāʾ

(20 words)

k̲h̲add al-ʿad̲h̲rāʾ (A) : lit. virgin’s cheek; the name for the anemone in mediaeval ʿIrāḳ. S̲h̲akīb Arslān

k̲h̲ādim

(68 words)

k̲h̲ādim (A, pl. k̲h̲uddām) : a (free) servant, domestic; eunuch. ʿAbd; K̲h̲adīd̲j̲a; K̲h̲as̲h̲abiyya; …

k̲h̲adīra

(22 words)

k̲h̲adīra (A) : in botany, a productive palm tree which has lost its dates when they were still green. Nak̲h̲l

k̲h̲aḍīr, banū

(41 words)

k̲h̲aḍīr, banū (A, s. k̲h̲aḍīrī) : a generic term in Nad̲j̲d for Arabs of dubious ancestry, i.e. not rec…

k̲h̲afāra

(75 words)

k̲h̲afāra (A) : ‘protection’, used, often together with ḥimāya, to designate certain social practice…

k̲h̲afḍ

(40 words)

k̲h̲afḍ (A), or k̲h̲ifāḍ : female excision, corresponding to k̲h̲atn or K̲h̲itān, the circumcision of boys. U…

k̲h̲afīf

(17 words)

k̲h̲afīf (A) : in prosody, the name of the eleventh Arabic metre. ʿArūḍ; and Ḳaʿīd

k̲h̲afiyye

(47 words)

k̲h̲afiyye (T, < A) : lit. secret (police); under the Ottoman sultan ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd II, ~ came to mea…
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