Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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liʿān

(72 words)

liʿān (A) : ‘cursing’, ‘oath of imprecation’; in law, the oath which gives a husband the possibility…

libās

(33 words)

libās (A, pl. lubus, albisa) : clothing, apparel. Liʿān; in Egypt, ~ acquired the general meaning of ‘dr…

libd

(101 words)

libd (A, pl. lubūd), or labad : felt; a pad of felt (pl. albād), used. e.g. to cushion the chamfered ends of the …

libna

(12 words)

libna (A) : in astronomy, a large mural quadrant. al-Ruʿaynī

lid̲j̲ād̲j̲a

(11 words)

lid̲j̲ād̲j̲a (A) : obstinacy, of obstinate character. ʿUmar K̲h̲ayyam

lid̲j̲ām

(42 words)

lid̲j̲ām (A, < P likām) : the harness of the horse, which includes the reins, ʿinān, the cheek straps, id̲h̲ār, and the…

lift

(18 words)

lift (A) : in botany, the turnip, one of the summer crops in mediaeval Egypt. Māʾ

liḥya-yi s̲h̲erīf

(58 words)

liḥya-yi s̲h̲erīf (T) : the hairs of the Prophet. According to al-Buk̲h̲ārī, Muḥammad permitted peopl…

līḳ

(11 words)

līḳ (A) : the black powder of collyrium. Nīrand̲j̲

līmanda

(20 words)

līmanda (A) : in zoology, the dab, the nomenclature of which was drawn directly from Greco-Roman ( Limanda). Samak

liman reʾīsi

(26 words)

liman reʾīsi (T) : ‘captain of the port’, an admiral in the Ottoman navy. He was also commander of the midshipmen ( manded…

līmī

(32 words)

līmī (A) : in zoology, the umbra limi, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclatur…

limma

(34 words)

limma (A) : in zoology, the limma ray, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclatur…

lipḳa

(23 words)

lipḳa (< Polish), or lubḳa, lupḳa : the name given to the Tatars who since the 14th century inhabited Lithuania. Linga

lisān

(53 words)

lisān (A) : tongue; language. Lugha; an oral message. Rind; and Lug̲h̲a In the language of scales and balances, …

liṣṣ

(22 words)

liṣṣ (A, P duzd, Ott k̲h̲ayrsi̊z, T hırsız; pl. luṣūṣ) : thief, robber (syn. sāriḳ). Lipḳa; Ṣuʿlūk liṣṣ al-baḥr Ḳurṣān
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