Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(11 words)

nidāl (A) : in archery, a long bow. Furūsiyya


(21 words)

nīfuk (N.Afr) : a slit for the elbow at the lower extremity of the armlets in the D̲j̲allābiyya. D̲j̲allāb


(37 words)

nihāya (A) : in philosophy, a term denoting that which forbids access to something beyond a certain …


(51 words)

niḳāba (A) : ‘trade union’, i.e. association for defending the interests of and promoting the rights…


(93 words)

nikāḥ (A) : marriage (properly, sexual intercourse), used both for stable and temporary unions. al-Marʾa; Niḳāba nik…


(18 words)

niḳris (A) : in medicine, gout. T̲h̲aʿlab al-niḳris al-ḥārr (A) : in medicine, feverish gout. Ṣandal


(93 words)

nīl (P, < San nīla ‘blue’), or nīlād̲j̲ : the oldest known organic dye, Indigo tinctoria L., Indigoferae; the main co…


(23 words)

nīlūfar (A, P ‘water lily’, < Gr Nειλόφερον) : in botany, lotus seeds. Simsim; in Turkish, nīlūfer are water-lily fl…


(44 words)

nimekare (P) : a land-leasing system in Kurdish Iran, in which the landowner leases out the irrigate…


(35 words)

nīm-fatḥa (P) : in Persian prosody, an extra short vowel, added to words ending in two consonants ( nūn excepted) prec…


(16 words)

nim-ling (P) : in archery, a quiver made of various skins sewn together. Ḳaws


(131 words)

nims (A, pl. numūs, numūsa) : in zoology, the ichneumon or Egyptian mongoose ( Herpestes ichneumon). In some parts …
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