Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(11 words)

nidāl (A) : in archery, a long bow. Furūsiyya


(21 words)

nīfuk (N.Afr) : a slit for the elbow at the lower extremity of the armlets in the D̲j̲allābiyya. D̲j̲allāb


(37 words)

nihāya (A) : in philosophy, a term denoting that which forbids access to something beyond a certain …


(51 words)

niḳāba (A) : ‘trade union’, i.e. association for defending the interests of and promoting the rights…


(93 words)

nikāḥ (A) : marriage (properly, sexual intercourse), used both for stable and temporary unions. al-Marʾa; Niḳāba nik…


(18 words)

niḳris (A) : in medicine, gout. T̲h̲aʿlab al-niḳris al-ḥārr (A) : in medicine, feverish gout. Ṣandal


(93 words)

nīl (P, < San nīla ‘blue’), or nīlād̲j̲ : the oldest known organic dye, Indigo tinctoria L., Indigoferae; the main co…


(23 words)

nīlūfar (A, P ‘water lily’, < Gr Nειλόφερον) : in botany, lotus seeds. Simsim; in Turkish, nīlūfer are water-lily fl…


(44 words)

nimekare (P) : a land-leasing system in Kurdish Iran, in which the landowner leases out the irrigate…


(35 words)

nīm-fatḥa (P) : in Persian prosody, an extra short vowel, added to words ending in two consonants ( nūn excepted) prec…


(16 words)

nim-ling (P) : in archery, a quiver made of various skins sewn together. Ḳaws


(131 words)

nims (A, pl. numūs, numūsa) : in zoology, the ichneumon or Egyptian mongoose ( Herpestes ichneumon). In some parts …


(48 words)

nīrand̲j̲ (A, < P nayrang, nīrang) : the operations of white magic, comprising prestidigitation, fakery a…


(23 words)

niṣāb (A, pl. nuṣub, anṣiba) : lit. base; in law, a minimum quantity. Zakāt; the definite minimum value.…


(29 words)

nīsān (A, < Heb) : the seventh month in the Syrian calendar, which corresponds to April of the Roman…


(98 words)

nisba (A) : in grammar, the adjective of relation. al-Nīsābūrī In onomastics, the element of a person’s name, …


(90 words)

niṣf (A) : half, in numismatics, the term for the half Dīnār, or semissis, struck in North Africa and Spain durin…


(142 words)

nis̲h̲ān (P) : under the Ottomans, ~ basically denoted a sign or a mark and also designated the sultan’s signature, ṭug̲…


(22 words)

niṭʿ (A), or niṭaʿ : in anatomy, the anterior part of the palate. al-Daḳḳāḳ; the alveoles of the palate. Maḳdis̲h̲ū


(11 words)

nitād̲j̲ (A) : the parturition of pregnant sheep. G̲h̲anam


(5 words)

niṭāḳayn D̲h̲āt Al-Niṭāḳayn


(92 words)

nit̲h̲ār (A) : in the pre-modern Middle East, the showering of money, jewels and other valuables on …


(17 words)

niṭʿiyya (A) : in grammar, a term used by al-K̲h̲alīl for the prepalatals. Ḥurūf al-Hid̲j̲āʾ


(29 words)

niyāḥa : lamentation; the term is used to designate the activity of professional mourners who play a…


(51 words)

niyya (A) : intention. Acts prescribed by Islamic law, obligatory or not, require to be preceded by …


(230 words)

niẓām (A) : in Muslim India, an honorific title which became characteristic of the rulers of the sta…


(5 words)

niẓāmiyye Niẓām; Niẓāmiyya


(20 words)

nḳāb (N.Afr) : a face veil for married women in Morocco and Algeria, often synonymous with Lit̲h̲ām. Libās


(29 words)

nnṣaḥt (B, < A naṣīḥa) : in Tas̲h̲elḥīt literature, a genre whose purpose it is to provide the illiterat…
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