Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(91 words)

ordu (T, Mon orda) : ‘the royal tent or residence’, ‘the royal encampment’, a term which became widespread in the mediaeval Turco-Mongol and then in the Persian worlds, acquiring from the second meaning that of ‘army camp’. Orāmār; in Turkish military usage, army corps. Rad…


(43 words)

ʿörf (T), or ʿörfī : under the Ottomans, a large, dome-shaped headdress, Ḳavuḳ, …


(66 words)

orta (T) : lit. centre; in Ottoman military terminology, the equivale…