Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(40 words)

pīpā : in music, the so-called ‘balloon guitar’ of the Chinese, who are said to have possessed it si…


(302 words)

pīr (P) : lit. old person, elder; in Islamic law, used for people in their fifties or even in their …


(24 words)

pīrāhan (P) : a close-fitting, long-sleeved robe, covering the entire body down to the feet, worn by…


(17 words)

pīrāmūz (P) : a style of calligraphy, used for writing copies of the Qurʾān. K̲h̲aṭṭ


(109 words)

pīs̲h̲kās̲h̲ (P) : a present from an inferior to a superior; from the Mongol period onwards, ~ denot…


(29 words)

pīs̲h̲tāḳ (P) : lit. the arch in front; in architecture, a portal in the form of a monumental arched…


(7 words)

pīs̲h̲wā (P) : chief. S̲h̲ūl


(45 words)

pist (P) : a kind of food compounded of the liver of gazelles or almonds, etc. A daily portion of the size of a pistachio, pi…


(38 words)

piştmala (K) : a kind of praetorian guard of the Kurdish chiefs who are recruited in all the fractio…