Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(62 words)

pomaks : the name given to a Bulgarian-speaking group of Muslims in Bulgaria and Thrace, now divided…


(25 words)

pondok (Mal, < A funduḳ), or pertaapan : hut, cottage; lodgings; by extension, an Islamic religious boardi…


(16 words)

post : in India, the decoction of the poppy-husks to make opium. al-Afwah al-Awdī


(93 words)

posta (T, A, < It posta) : a term borrowed in the 19th century to designate the new conception of Europea…


(138 words)

potur (T) : a pair of trousers, full as far as the knee and straight from the knee to the ankle, wor…


(75 words)

poya (SpA) : in Andalus, a bread the dough of which was made at home to be picked up by a journeyman…

prang sabil

(20 words)

prang sabil (Mal, prang ‘war’) : the name of the holy war, D̲j̲ihād, in East Asia. Posta

Preface to the Glossary and Index of Terms

(319 words)

The entries in this Glossary are listed alphabetically following the Roman alphabet. The entry appea…


(24 words)

prem-gāthā (H) : lit. love song; a school of writing in Awadhi (Eastern Hindi), of ṣūfī inspiration,…


(16 words)

puasa (Ind) : the Indonesian term for Ramaḍān, the month of fasting. Prester John


(64 words)

pūst (P, T pōst or pōstakī) : ‘skin’; a tanned sheepskin, used as the ceremonial seat or throne of the head, pīr or s̲h̲ayk…