Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ribā

(84 words)

ribā (A) : lit. increase; in law, usury and interest, and in general any unjustified increase of cap…

ribāṭ

(67 words)

ribāṭ (A) : in Qurʾānic usage, the preparations made with the mustering of cavalry, with a view to b…

riḍā

(125 words)

riḍā (A) : lit. the fact of being pleased or contented; contentment, approval; a term found in mysti…

ridāʾ

(35 words)

ridāʾ (A) : a piece of white seamless cloth, draped around the upper half of the wearer’s chest, whi…

ridāfa

(17 words)

ridāfa (A) : in pre- and early Islam, the institution of viceroyship. Tamīm b. Murr

ridda

(40 words)

ridda (A) : lit. apostasy; in early Islam, the name given for the series of battles against tribes, …

ridf

(121 words)

ridf (A) : in prosody, the wāw and yāʾ immediately preceding the rhyme letter as letters of prolongation or …

rid̲j̲āl

(109 words)

rid̲j̲āl (A, s. rad̲j̲ul) : men; as a technical term, the transmitters of ḥadīt̲h̲ ‘Muslim Tradition’. Riḍāʾī rid̲j̲ā…

rid̲j̲l

(55 words)

rid̲j̲l (A) : foot; and Sāḳ rid̲j̲l g̲h̲urāb (A) : ‘crow’s foot’; in the science…

riḍwān

(21 words)

riḍwān (A) : in the Qurʾān, God’s grace, favour, which believers will meet in the hereafter. Ribāṭ-i…

rīf

(65 words)

rīf (A, pl. aryāf) : countryside; a food-producing fringe of a river traversing arid country. Ri̊ḍwān P…

rifāda

(21 words)

rifāda (A) : the institution of providing food for the pilgrims in Mecca. al-ʿAbbās b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭa…

rīḥ

(35 words)

rīḥ (A) : wind. Rifāʿiyya; in music, a musical phrase. Ḥamādis̲h̲a, or Ḥmāds̲h̲a rīḥ al-sabal …

riḥāla

(25 words)

riḥāla (A) : in early Islam, a camel saddle made of wooden bows joined together with leather thongs …

rīḥān

(49 words)

rīḥān (A), or rīḥānī, rayḥān, rayḥānī : basil; and ʿabayt̲h̲arān In Persian calligraphy, ~ is a smaller versio…

riḥiyyāt

(16 words)

riḥiyyāt (N.Afr) : flat, leather slippers worn by both sexes in North Africa. Libās

riḥla

(25 words)

riḥla (A) : a journey, voyage, travel; a travelogue; originally, the word ~ connoted the act of sadd…

ri̊ḳʿa

(111 words)

ri̊ḳʿa (T), ri̊ḳʿī or ruḳʿa : in Turkish calligraphy, a script probably invented during the second half …
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