Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(53 words)

rōk (Dem) : a kind of cadastral revision, under Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn, of which the object was to measure the…


(140 words)

rubʿ (A) : lit. quarter; in astronomy, quadrant. al-Ruʿaynī; and niṣf; ṭarī rubʿ āfāḳī …


(97 words)

rubāb (P) : in music, a Persian and Eastern Turkish instrument of the lute family, with a vaulted so…


(47 words)

rubaḥ (A), and rubbāḥ : in zoology, the large male baboon, also known as ḳurduḥ, ḳurdūḥ, ḥawdal, ḥibn. His thick fur …


(127 words)

rubāʿī (A, pl. rubāʿiyyāt), and mirabbaʿ, du-baytī, tarāna : a verse form; in Persian prosody, the shortest…

rū band

(47 words)

rū band (P) : a rectangular white veil fastened over the čādur, the all-enveloping wrap worn outside, and falli…


(17 words)

rūd : ‘string’; in music, an instrument of the lute family, of Persian origin. ʿŪd


(20 words)

rūd̲h̲bār (P), or rūdbār : lit. a district along a river, or a district intersected by rivers. Rūdakī


(13 words)

rud̲j̲ūʿ (A) : in theology, return (to God). al-Rūd̲h̲rāwarī; and ṭāliʿ


(9 words)

rug̲h̲ām (A) : mucus (of sheep). G̲h̲anam


(91 words)

rūḥ (A, pl. arwāḥ) : in early Arabic poetry, ‘breath’, ‘wind’; in the Qurʾān, ~ denotes a special angel…


(23 words)

rūḥāniyya (A) : ‘spirituality’, ‘spiritual being’; in angelology, the spiritus rector, the angel who rules eac…


(27 words)

ruḥla (A) : the destination of a journey; a rarer meaning is that of a noble or learned man to whom one may travel. Rīḥā


(19 words)

ruḳʿa (A) : a piece of clothing; an administrative document; a sealed, personal message. Ṣaḥīfa; and Ri̊ḳʿa


(34 words)

ruḳāḳ (A) : a very thin bread, cooked on a slab of iron, called ṭābaḳ or ṭābil in the mediaeval period and now ṣād̲j̲, heat…


(9 words)

ruk̲h̲ (A) : redistribution of land. Miṣr


(58 words)

ruk̲h̲ām (A) : in mineralogy, marble, often used interchangeably with marmar (< Gk) to refer to a wide variety…


(65 words)

ruk̲h̲k̲h̲ (A) : in zoology, a huge ostrich-like bird ( Aepyornis maximus), now extinct, probably existing well…


(65 words)

ruk̲h̲ṣa (A, pl. ruk̲h̲aṣ) : lit. permission, dispensation; in law, ~ is a legal ruling relaxing or sus…


(16 words)

ruḳḳ (A) : a term in the Persian Gulf for a shoal. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab
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