Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(56 words)

ṭog̲h̲ri̊l (T) : a designation in Old Turkish for a bird of prey, a possibility being the Crested Goshawk ( Astur trivir…


(49 words)

tōlā (H ‘balance, scales’) : a Mug̲h̲al measurement of weight for both gold and silver. In British I…


(29 words)

ṭolba (Mor, s. ṭālib ‘student’) : in Morocco, a colloquial plural that denotes the students at madrasas…


(35 words)

ton : ‘group’, in Mali, ton jon ‘group of slaves’ being the basic social institution of the Bambara empire…


(70 words)

ṭop (T) : in the Ottoman military, the term used for cannon. It originally denoted ‘ball’, hence can…


(27 words)

ṭopal (T) : lame; as ‘the lame’ a nickname given to two prominent Ottoman figures on account of thei…


(60 words)

toy (T) : a public feast given by the ruler, a practice that was apparently introduced into the Isla…


(17 words)

tozluḳ (T) : breeches worn by men as an outer garment in Ottoman Turkey. Libās


(22 words)

trīmūlīn (A) : in zoology, the arenicol, a small beach worm ( Arenicola marina), often used as bait in fishing. Samak


(16 words)

tuan (M ‘master’) : term preferred for ‘saint’ instead of Walī in Aceh. Walī


(35 words)

ṭūb (A) : in the Muslim West, a lump of earth or an unfired brick, whence Sp. adobe. In Egypt, ~ is used as a synonym of ād̲j̲u…


(60 words)

tubbaʿ : a term (pl. tabābiʿa) used by Muslim writers as a dynastic title for those Ḥimyarite rulers who,…


(32 words)

tubbān (A) : very short drawers, made of hair, reportedly worn by the men who bore ʿĀʾisha’s litter …


(19 words)

tuc (Mon) : according to Marco Polo, a corps of 100,000 of the Great Ḵh̲ān’s troops. Tuggurt


(10 words)

tud̲h̲rī (A) : in music, a trill. G̲h̲ināʾ


(18 words)

tufangčī (T) : in the Ṣafawid and Ottoman military, a musketeer. ʿAbbās I; Bārūd; Ṣafawids; S̲h̲īrāz


(91 words)

ṭufaylī (A) : in mediaeval Arabic literature, an uninvited guest and/or a social parasite, whose beh…
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