Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(32 words)

ʿuhda (A) : in Egypt under Muḥammad ʿAlī, an estate consisting of bankrupt villages whose taxes were…


(82 words)

uḥd̲j̲iyya (A, pl. aḥād̲j̲sup:in ) : ‘riddle, conundrum’, one of three kinds of literary plays upon word…


(16 words)

uḥdūt̲h̲a (A) : ‘speech, tale’, giving rise to ḥaddūta ‘folktale’ in colloquial Arabic. Taḳālīd


(134 words)

ʿuḳāb (A) : the Prophet’s flag, according to the traditional literature. ʿAlāʾiyya; the black banner…

ʿuḳalāʾ al-mad̲j̲ānīn

(61 words)

ʿuḳalāʾ al-mad̲j̲ānīn (A) : ‘wise fools’, a general denomination for individuals whose actions contra…


(5 words)

ʿuḳda ʿAḳd; d̲j̲awzahar


(37 words)

uḳḥuwān (A) : in botany, the chrysanthemum; ~ is also used to render the παρθένιον of Dioscorides, b…


(13 words)

ūḳiyya (A) : in numismatics, a piece of 40 dirhams. Zakāt


(5 words)

ʿuḳḳāl ʿāḳil; D̲j̲āhil


(8 words)

ukla (A) : an itch. S̲h̲īḥ


(11 words)

uḳnūm (A, < Syr; pl. aḳānīm) : hypostasis. Tat̲h̲līt̲h̲


(26 words)

uḳrūf (A), or uk̲h̲rūf : a high cap common in the Mag̲h̲rib, which could be made either quite simply or…


(34 words)

uḳṣūṣa (A) : in modern Arabic literary terminology, the fictional genre of the short story. The term…


(35 words)

ʿuḳūba (A) : in law, punishment in all its forms, encompassing both discretionary punishments and th…
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