Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(35 words)

ʿurāt (A) : the ‘naked’, name for turbulent social elements who grouped themselves around the caliph…


(18 words)

urd̲j̲ūḥa (A), or mard̲j̲ūḥa : a seesaw, according to tradition where Muḥammad first saw ʿĀʾis̲h̲a. Laʿib


(45 words)

urdu (U, < T Ordu), and zabān-i urdu : in South Asia, the term used to designate the mixed Hindustani-Persi…


(67 words)

ʿurf (A, P) : custom, customary law, administrative regulations on matters of penal law, obligations…


(32 words)

urfī (A) : in zoology, the braize orphe, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclat…


(19 words)

ʿurfuṭ (A) : in botany, the name of a thorny shrub which exudes an evil-smelling resin. al-Hurmuzān

urg̲h̲an, urg̲h̲anūn

(112 words)

urg̲h̲an, urg̲h̲anūn : in music, the artifically wind-blown instrument known as the organ. It also s…


(7 words)

ūriyā (Syr) : teacher. S̲h̲īt̲h̲


(21 words)

urka (A), or ḳattal : in zoology, the orc or grampus, one of the marine mammals or cetaceans. Samak


(100 words)

ʿurs (A, pl. aʿrās), or ʿurus (pl. ʿurusāt) : originally the leading of the bride to her bridegroom, marria…


(17 words)

urṣūṣa (A), arsusa, or russa : in dress, said to be a melon-shaped hat. Tulband


(6 words)

ʿurūb : water-mills. Tiflīs


(23 words)

ʿurūba (A) : lit. the quality or nature of Arabness; in modern political parlance, the doctrine of A…


(44 words)

ʿurwa (A), or ḥabs : part of the suspensory apparatus of the astrolabe, ~ is the handle, which is affix…


(23 words)

usbūʿ (A) : a week; also the term for a wedding in early Islam, since a wedding lasted a week. ʿUrs


(11 words)

usbūr (A) : in zoology, the sparid fish. Samak
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