Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson with a team of more than 20 section editors.

EI-Three is the third edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.

The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. It is published in five substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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al-Rashīd, Mawlāy

(1,310 words)

Author(s): Kitlas, Peter
Mawlāy al-Rashīd b. al-Sharīf b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī was the first ʿAlawī sultan (r. 1069–82/1659–72) of Morocco. As in the case of the Saʿdī dynasty (r. 916–1069/1510–1659), the ʿAlawī claim to the sultanate was founded on their sharīfian lineage, that is, as descendants of the prophet Muḥammad. In the inland trading town of Sijilmāsa, Mawlāy al-Rashīd’s ancestor, Ḥasanī Shurafāʾ (or al-Ḥasan al-Dākhil; d. 676/1277), had founded a Ṣūfī lodge (zāwiya) several generations before the ʿAlawī ascension to power. In the power vacuum left by the fractured Saʿdī stat…
Date: 2020-06-02

Reşid Rahmeti Arat

(1,090 words)

Author(s): Sertkaya, Osman Fikri
Reşid Rahmeti Arat, originally named Gabdurraşid Rachmatullin, was born on 15 May 1900, the son of Gabdurraşid İsmetullin and Mahpeyker, in the village of Eski Ücüm, which lies approximately 50 km northwest of Kazan, the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan. Between 1906 and 1910 he attended primary school in Eski Ücüm, and then went to secondary school in Kızılyar (Petropavlovsk) from 1910–3. He took Russian lessons privately in 1913–4, attended a business school in 1914–5, and went to high schoo…
Date: 2020-06-10