Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson with a team of more than 20 section editors.

EI-Three is the third edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.

The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. It is published in five substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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(1,605 words)

Author(s): Østebø, Terje
The Oromo (Oroomoo) are the largest ethnic group in the Horn of Africa. They have their own language, Afaan Oroomoo or Oroomiifaa, which belongs to the Cushitic language family. The majority of the Oromo are found in Ethiopia, where they constitute 34.5 percent (about 25 million) of the population, according to official Ethiopian statistics (2007). They inhabit the southeastern parts of the country (Borana, Gujji Arsi, Bale, Hararge), the central highlands around Addis Ababa (Shoa), and parts of …
Date: 2020-02-11

Osman Hamdi

(1,042 words)

Author(s): Shaw, Wendy M. K.
Osman Hamdi (1842–1910) was an artist and director of the Ottoman Imperial Museum and the Istanbul Academy of Fine Arts. He played a pivotal role in fashioning European formulations of art within a transforming Ottoman context. As the son of İbrahim Edhem Pasha (1819–93), Osman Hamdi was born in Istanbul to a complex cross-cultural legacy unusual even within Ottoman society. His father, who at age nine had been orphaned and enslaved during the Greek War for Independence (1821–30) and adopted by the Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Nav…
Date: 2020-02-11