Encyclopaedia of Judaism

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

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Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Caucasus, Jewish Education in from Czarist Times Until the Present

(3,679 words)

Author(s): Fishbane, Simcha
Traditional orthodox Jewish education endured in Russia and the Soviet Union until the communist regime took control in 1917. This schooling primarily included the cheder and yeshiva and was directed exclusively to the Jewish male population. Most girls studied at home, learning basic reading skills and how to run a Jewish household. Secular education, which was scorned and considered heretical in the orthodox community, had begun to spread only after the 1860s, when Czar Alexander II liberalized the laws that controll…

Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Caucasus, the Practice of Judaism in

(11,817 words)

Author(s): Weiner, Anita | Weiner, Eugene
Before 1990, it would not have been possible to write an article on the practice of Judaism in the USSR. World Jewry (including Soviet Jewry) was not allowed access to information about Soviet Jews, and those who did manage to collect some information were never sure of its accuracy or reliability. Jews in the world's third largest Jewish community were cut off from any normal flow of contact with Jews around them and in other parts of the world. The price often paid for contacts that were discovered (or even suspected) was severe—loss of job, exile to Siberia, even death. The situation change…