Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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A (Aaron [Hārūn] - Abraham [Ibrāhīm])

(1,781 words)

Aaron [Hārūn]  Aaron  Arrogance  Book  Brother and Brotherhood  Calf of Gold  Children of Israel  Criterion  Deliverance  Dialogues  Disobedience  Egypt  Feet  Good News  Insolence and Obstinacy  Jews and Judaism  Job  Korah  Language and Style of the Qurʾān  Light  Lord  Moses  Muḥammad  Narratives  Naḍīr (Banū al-)  Noah  Obedience  Parents  Peace  Pharaoh  Prayer  Prophets and Prophethood  Punishment Stories  Remnant  Revelation and Inspiration  Rhymed Prose  Saul  Servants  Shekhinah  Sister  Torah  Women and the Qurʾān  ʿImrān  Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān  Ṭuwā ʿAbbād b.…

A (Abrahamian, E. - Abū Khuzayma)

(785 words)

Abrahamian, E.  Oppressed on Earth, The Abrahamov, B.  Signs  World Absalom  David  Psalms Abu Bakr Gumi  African Literature Abu Dhabi  Archaeology and the Qurʾān Abu Zayd, N.  Arrogance  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān  Dialects  Everyday Life, Qurʾān In  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Early Modern and Contemporary  Illness and Health  Intention  Oppression  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Social Sciences and the Qurʾān Abu-Rabiʿ, I.  Ezra Abu-Zahra, N.  Adultery and Fornication Abyssinia [al-Ḥabasha]  Abraha  Abyssinia  Chronology and the Qurʾān  Emigrants and Helpe…

A (Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767) - Allahabad)

(2,294 words)

Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767)  Abrogation  Basmala  Creeds  Everyday Life, Qurʾān In  Faith  Flogging  Intercession  Judgment  Lot  Maturity  Muʿtazila  Persian Literature and the Qurʾān  Responsibility  Sin, Major and Minor  The Collection of the Qurʾān Abū Ḥanīfa al-Dīnawārī see al Dīnawārī, Abū Ḥanīfa Abū Ḥasan al-Wāḥidī see al-Wāḥidī, Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Aḥmad al-Nīsābūrī (d. 468/1076) Abū Ḥasan Ṭāhir b. ʿAbd al-Munʿim b. Ghalbūn see Ibn Ghalbūn, Abū Ḥasan Ṭāhir b. ʿAbd al-Munʿim (d. 399/1008) Abū Ḥayyān al-Andalusī /al-Gharnāṭī (d. 745/1344)  Byzantines  Conquest  Exegesis of…

A (Abū l-Hārith al-Layth b. Khālid al-Baghdādī (d. 240/854) - Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar b. Jamīʿ (eighth/fourteenth-ninth/fifteenth century))

(1,064 words)

Abū l-Hārith al-Layth b. Khālid al-Baghdādī (d. 240/854)  Readings of the Qurʾān  Reciters of the Qurʾān Abū l-Hārith ʿīsā b. Wirdān al-Madanī see Ibn Wardān al-Madanī, Abū l-Ḥārith (d. 160/777) Abū l-Jārūd (d. after 140/757-8)  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval Abū l-Kalām āzād see āzād, [Mawlānā] Abū l-Kalam Abū l-Khayr (of Seville)  Agriculture and Vegetation Abū l-Khayr Ṭashkubrīzādah (d. 968/1561)  Traditional Disciplines of Qurʾānic Studies Abū l-Layth Naṣr b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Samarqandī (d. 373-5/983-5)  Apocalypse  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classica…

A (-alif- - ʾ-j-r)

(565 words)

-alif-   abadiya   Philosophy and the Qurʾān   abābīl   Animal Life   ʾ-b-(w)    ab    Agriculture and Vegetation    Literature and the Qurʾān    Parents   ʾ-b-b    abb    Uncertainty    abjad    Arabic Script    Manuscripts of the Qurʾān    Numerology    Ornamentation and Illumination    Popular and Talismanic Uses of the Qurʾān   ʾ-b-d    abad    Eternity    Time    Weights and Measures   ʾ-b-l    ibil    Animal Life    Camel    Food and Drink   ʾ-b-q    abaqa    Literature and the Qurʾān   ʾ-b-y    abā    Insolence and Obstinacy    utrujj    Ḥadīth and the Qurʾān   ʾ-d-b    adab, …

A (-alif- - ʾ-k-l - ʾ-m-l)

(574 words)

ʾ-k-l    akala    Cosmology    Food and Drink    Martyrs    akl    Cheating    ākila    Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib   ʾ-kh-(w)    akh, pl. ikhwa, ikhwān    Brother and Brotherhood    Clients and Clientage    Druzes    Kinship    Lot    Myths and Legends in the Qurʾān    Sister    ikhwān al-flafāʾ    muʾākhāt    Brother and Brotherhood    Emigrants and Helpers    ukht    Sister   ʾ-kh-dh    akhadha    Beauty    Cosmology    Covenant    Literature and the Qurʾān    akhdh    Signs    ittakhadha    Covenant    Friends and Friendship    God and his Attributes    Oaths    Place …

A (-alif- - ʾ-m-m - ʾ-m-n)

(730 words)

ʾ-m-m    imām, pl. aʾimma    Age of Ignorance    Almsgiving    Book    Booty    Burial    Children of Israel    Codices of the Qurʾān    Community and Society in the Qurʾān    Createdness of the Qurʾān    Dissimulation    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval    Festivals and Commemorative Days    History and the Qurʾān    Illness and Health    Imām    Kings and Rulers    Left Hand and Right Hand    Modesty    Mosque    Mosque of the Dissension    Murder    Oppressed on Earth, The    Pairs and Pairing    Prophets and Prophethood    Reciters of the Qurʾān    Ritu…

A (-alif- - ʾ-m-r - ʾ-w-b)

(569 words)

ʾ-m-r    amara    Book    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Virtues and Vices, Commanding and Forbidding    ammāra    Ṣūfism and…

A (-alif- - ʾ-w-f - ʾ-ṭ-m)

(597 words)

ʾ-w-f    āfa    Sleep   ʾ-w-l    awwal    Eternity    God and his Attributes    Inheritance    Pairs and Pairing    Shīʿism and the Qurʾān    Tradition and Custom    awwalūn    History and the Qurʾān    Prophets and Prophethood    asāṭīr al-awwalīn    taʾawwala    Exegesis of the…

A (Allāma al-Ḥillī (d. 726/1325) - Antichrist [al-Masīḥ al-Dajjāl])

(801 words)

Allāma al-Ḥillī (d. 726/1325)  Creeds Allāma Majlisī (d. 1110/1698)  Ummī Allard, M. Almaq  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic Almaqah  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic  Yemen   dhū Hirrān   South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic al-ʿAlmawī (d. 981/1573)  Manuscripts of the Qurʾān Almeria  Agriculture and Vegetation Almohad Mosque  Ornamentation and Illumination Almohad(s) [al-Muwaḥḥidūn] …

A (Antioch - Arab(s) [al-ʿarab])

(580 words)

Antioch  Monasticism and Monks  Narratives  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Rass  Syria Antiochus  Expeditions and Battles  People of the Ditch Antiochus IV  Antichrist Antiquity, Late  Material Culture and the Qurʾān Antoun, Richard  Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān Anṣārī of Herat see Anṣārī al-Harawī, ʿAbdallāh (d. 481/1089) Apartheid  Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān Aphraates (Aphrahat)  Creation Aphrodito  Aqṣā Mosque Apollo  Springs and Fountains Apollonius  Agriculture and Vegetation Apostle  Apostle  Illiteracy  Inform…

A (Arabia - Ḥijr)

(442 words)

Arabia  Abraham  Abyssinia  Age of Ignorance  Agriculture and Vegetation  Antichrist  Apostasy  Arabic Language  Arabic Script  Archaeology and the Qurʾān  Art and Architecture and the Qurʾān  Asceticism  Bedouin  Book  Byzantines   Central   History and the Qurʾān   Kaʿba   Yemen  Christians and Christianity  Chronology and the Qurʾān  Community and Society in the Qurʾān  Consecration of Animals  Cosmology  Creation  Death and the Dead  Debt  Decision  Dialects  Dialogues  Divination  Emigration  Epigraphy  Eschatology  Ethiopia  Ezra  Faith  Family   Felix   Sheba  …

A (Arabian(s) - Philosophy and the Qurʾān)

(689 words)

Arabian(s)  Messenger  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic  The Collection of the Qurʾān Arabic (language)  African Literature  Agriculture and Vegetation  Ambiguous  Arabic Language  Arabic Script  Arabs  Ark  Art and Architecture and the Qurʾān  Authority  Christians and Christianity  Chronology and the Qurʾān   Classical (CA)   Arabic Language   Grammar and the Qurʾān   Language and Style of the Qurʾān   Money   Moon   Post-Enlightenment Academic Study of the Qurʾān   Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies   Readings of the Qurʾān   Slaves and Slavery   Tabl…

A (Aristotle - Austrian State National Library)

(823 words)

Aristotle  Alexander  Creation  Life  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Science and the Qurʾān  Signs  Soul Arizona  Numbers and Enumeration Arjumand Bānū Begum  Material Culture and the Qurʾān Arkoun, M.  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān  Createdness of the Qurʾān  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Early Modern and Contemporary  Fātiḥa  Islam  Southeast Asia…


(3,067 words)

Author(s): Rippin, Andrew
The brother and companion of Moses (q.v.). Aaron (Hārūn b. ʿImrān) is mentioned by name twenty times in the Qurʾān. He is given prophetic status alongside Moses, having received the criterion (q.v.) of revelation ( furqān, q 21:48-9; cf. 19:53; 7:122; 23:45; 37:114-20; and 20:70 and 26:48, containing the phrase, “We believe in the Lord of Moses and Aaron”; see revelation and inspiration ), and is listed with a number of other prophets ( q 4:163; 6:84). Moses asked God to make Aaron his partner (wazīr) in his affairs when he was commanded to go before Pharaoh (q.v.; q 25:35; cf. 10:75; 20:29-36; 2…


(7 words)

 see family of the prophet Bibliography


(410 words)

AI Annales islamologiques AIUON Annali dell' Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli AO Acta orientalia AO-H Acta orientalia (Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae) Arabica Arabica. Revue d'ètudes arabes ARW Archiv für Religionswissenschaft AUU Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis BASOR Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research BEO Bulletin d'ètudes orientales de l'Institut Français de Damas BGA Bibliotheca geographorum arabicorum BIFAO Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archèologie Orientale du Caire BO Bibliotheca orientalis BSA Budapest studies in Arabic BSOAS…


(7 words)

 see servant; slaves and slavery Bibliography

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

(6,552 words)

Author(s): Johanna Pink
Muḥammad ʿAbduh was born around 1849 into a farming family in the Nile Delta. He received a traditional religious education, first at home, then in Ṭanṭā, and finally at Cairo’s Azhar mosque. In 1872 he started studying with Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī (1838-97), an Iranian political activist who tried to acquire a following for his anti-British agenda. Al-Afghānī introduced ʿAbduh to …
Date: 2017-01-04
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