Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.


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Afterlife

(7 words)

 see resurrection; paradise; hell; fire Bibliography

Afternoon

(1,346 words)

Author(s): Welch, Alford T.
The time between noon and evening. The Qurʾān refers frequently to various times of the day, but does not explicitly mention the afternoon. In most cases this segment of the day appears simply in the context of instructions for Muḥammad's followers involving the Islamic rituals that were being established during his lifetime. Several passages that address Muḥammad's situation in Mecca before his emigration to Medina command him to perform a ritual prayer (see prayer ) twice daily: “at the two ends of the day” ( q 11:114), “at evening and at dawn” ( q 40:55), etc. (Welch, Muḥammad's unde…

Age

(11 words)

 see biology as the creation and stages of life Bibliography

Age of Ignorance

(3,137 words)

Author(s): Shepard, William E.
This phrase is a common translation of the Arabic word jāhiliyya used by Muslims to refer to the historical period in west-central Arabia covering the centuries immediately prior to the mission of Muḥammad, a period characterized by ignorance of the divine truth. To the original audience of the Qurʾān, however, it almost certainly referred primarily to the moral condition of those individuals and their society which led them to oppose the mission of the Prophet (see opposition to muḥammad ) and only secondarily, if at all, to a defined historical epoch. It is also possible…

Age of Ignorance [Supplement 2016]

(2,049 words)

Author(s): William E. Shepard
This phrase is a common translation of the Arabic word jāhiliyya, which is used by Muslims to refer to the historical period in west-central Arabia covering the centuries immediately prior to the mission of Muḥammad, a period characterised by ignorance of the divine truth. To the original audience of the Qurʾān, however, it almost certainly referred primarily to the moral condition of the individuals who, and the society that, opposed the mission of the Prophet (see opposition to Muḥammad), and only secondarily, if at all, to a defined historical epoch. It is also possibl…
Date: 2016-11-17

Agriculture and Vegetation

(7,550 words)

Author(s): Waines, David
The production of crops and plants in general. Agriculture and vegetation figure prominently in the Qurʾān, reflecting their significance in the environment in which the text was revealed. The Arabic root f-l-ḥ carries the basic meaning of “cleaving” or ¶ “splitting.” When applied to the land, it carries the sense of “furrowing,” “tilling” or “plowing.” “Filāḥa,” therefore, is the art of plowing and cultivating and is the term used in the general sense of “agriculture” in the titles of medieval Arabic treatises on agronomy. The qurʾānic references t…
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