Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

Subscriptions: see brill.com


(4 words)

 see sheba Bibliography


(4 words)

 see sheba Bibliography


(615 words)

Author(s): Rippin, Andrew
Saturday, technically, Friday evening to Saturday evening. While related etymologically to the Aramaic and Hebrew words for the Sabbath (in which tradition it connotes the day of “rest”), the Arabic term ( sabt) was provided with an appropriate Islamic sense by the Qurʾān and later Muslim interpretation. The Qurʾān uses the word sabt


(1,103 words)

Author(s): de Blois, François
A religious community mentioned three times in the Qurʾān. The Sabians ( ṣābiʾūn) should not be confused with the Sabaeans, the inhabitants of Sabaʾ, the biblical Sheba, a famous ancient nation in south Arabia (see sheba; bilqīs; pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān;south arabia, ¶ religion in p…


(9 words)

Sacred Precincts

(2,397 words)

Author(s): Rubin, Uri
Areas considered holy, often associated with places of worship or religious rituals. Sacred precincts are treated in the Qurʾān on two levels: Israelite and Arabian (see children of israel; pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān; south arabia, religion in pre-islamic). On the Israelite level, a sacred precinct is mentioned, to begin with, in the story of Moses' (q.v.) vocation. In q 20:12, Moses stands before the burning bush and God tells him that the wādī, “valley,” i…


(841 words)

Author(s): Firestone, Reuven
The act of making an offering to a deity or the offering itself. In Arabic, these are commonly rendered by the roots, ḍ-ḥ-y, q-r-b and dh-b-ḥ. The first root, which in ¶ the second form can mean to sacrifice an animal du…


(6 words)

 see joy and misery Bibliography

(-ṣād- - ṣ-f-r)

(531 words)

-ṣād-   ṣ-b-b    aṣabb    Months   ṣ-b-gh    ṣibgh    Tree(s)    ṣibgha    Baptism    Covenant    Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān    ṣibghat allāh   ṣ-b-r    iṣṭabara    Trust and Patience    ṣabara    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Hospitality and Courtesy    Moses    Muḥammad    Trust and Patience    Virtues and Vices, Commanding and Forbidding    ṣabbār    Moses    Trust and Patience    ṣabr    Courage    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Faith    Medicine and the Qurʾān    Moses    Myths and Legends in the Qurʾān    Suffering    Trust and Patience    Virtue    ṣābara    Ethi…

(-ṣād- - ṣ-f-w - ṣ-l-y)

(376 words)

ṣ-f-w    aṣfiyāʾ    Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān    ikhwān al-ṣafāʾ    iṣṭafā    Election    Muḥammad    Prophets and Prophethood    Samuel    muṣṭafā    Election    Language and Style of the Qurʾān    Names of the Prophet    Ṣafā and Marwa   

(-ṣād- - ṣ-l-ḥ - ṣ-w-m-ʿ)

(565 words)

ṣ-l-ḥ    aṣlaḥ    Responsibility    Theology and the Qurʾān…

(-ṣād- - ṣ-w-r - ṣ-ḥ-ḥ)

(509 words)

ṣ-w-r    muṣawwir    God and his Attributes    Iconoclasm    taṣwīr    Ashes    Literary Structures of the Qurʾān    ṣawwara    Cosmology    God and his Attributes    Popular and Talismanic Uses of the Qurʾān    ṣāra    Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān   

Ṣafā and Marwa

(1,222 words)

Author(s): Firestone, Reuven
Two low hills near the Kaʿba (q.v.) in Mecca (q.v.) between which the pilgrim engages in a brisk walk or trot called “the running” (al- saʿy) during the pilgrimage …


(6 words)

 see peace; sacred precincts Bibliography


(545 words)

Author(s): Radtke, B.
Person marked by divine favor, holiness. The idea of special, chosen people, “saints,” is alien to the Qurʾān (for the closest qurʾānic attestation of this concept, see election ). The word walī (pl. awliyāʾ) used later for these people, though occurring very frequently, does not designate special people distinguished by striking qualities but the faithful as such, who are devout ( ṣāliḥūn, muttaqūn; see good and evil; piety). This makes them friends of God and he is their friend (see friends and friendship; clients and clientage). Satan (see devil ), who is the enemy ( ʿaduww) of God and…


(5 words)

 see rhymed prose Bibliography


(4 words)

 see shekhinah Bibliography


(4 words)

 see prayer Bibliography


(981 words)

Author(s): Tottoli, Roberto
A messenger (q.v.) sent to the people of Thamūd (q.v.), named nine times in the Qurʾān. His story is dealt with in a number of passages ( q 7:73-9; 11:61-8; 26:141-59; 27:45-53; 54:23-31; 91:11-5), and in other verses mention is made of the people of Thamūd and their fate. The Qurʾān does not contain a complete narrative of the story of this messenger and the events that led his people to punishment and destruction, but it does mention (and occasionally repeats some details of) his mission among his people. Particular attention is given to the…


(6 words)

 see food and drink Bibliography
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