Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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A (Aaron [Hārūn] - Abraham [Ibrāhīm])

(1,781 words)

Aaron [Hārūn]  Aaron  Arrogance  Book  Brother and Brotherhood  Calf of Gold  Children of Israel  Criterion  Deliverance  Dialogues  Disobedience  Egypt  Feet  Good News  Insolence and Obstinacy  Jews and Judaism  Job  Korah  Language and Style of the Qurʾān  Light  Lord  Moses  Muḥammad  Narratives  Naḍīr (Banū al-)  Noah  Obedience  Parents  Peace  Pharaoh  Prayer  Prophets and Prophethood  Punishment Stories  Remnant  Revelation and Inspiration  Rhymed Prose  Saul  Servants  Shekhinah  Sister  Torah  Women and the Qurʾān  ʿImrān  Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān  Ṭuwā ʿAbbād b. Su…

A (Abrahamian, E. - Abū Khuzayma)

(785 words)

Abrahamian, E.  Oppressed on Earth, The Abrahamov, B.  Signs  World Absalom  David  Psalms Abu Bakr Gumi  African Literature Abu Dhabi  Archaeology and the Qurʾān Abu Zayd, N.  Arrogance  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān  Dialects  Everyday Life, Qurʾān In  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Early Modern and Contemporary  Illness and Health  Intention  Oppression  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Social Sciences and the Qurʾān Abu-Rabiʿ, I.  Ezra Abu-Za…

A (Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767) - Allahabad)

(2,294 words)

Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767)  Abrogation  Basmala  Creeds  Everyday Life, Qurʾān In  Faith  Flogging  In

A (Abū l-Hārith al-Layth b. Khālid al-Baghdādī (d. 240/854) - Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar b. Jamīʿ (eighth/fourteenth-ninth/fifteenth century))

(1,064 words)

Abū l-Hārith al-Layth b. Khālid al-Baghdādī (d. 240/854)  Readings of the Qurʾān  Reciters of the Qurʾān Abū l-Hārith ʿīsā b. Wirdān al-Madanī see Ibn Wardān al-Madanī, Abū l-Ḥārith (d. 160/777) Abū l-Jārūd (d. after 140/757-8)  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval Abū l-Kalām āzād see āzād, [Mawlānā] Abū l-Kalam Abū l-Khayr (of Seville)  Agriculture and Vegetation Abū l-Khayr Ṭashkubrīzādah (d. 968/1561)  Traditional Disciplines of Qurʾānic Studies Abū l-Layth Naṣr b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Samarqandī (d. 373-5/983-5)  Apocalypse  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classica…

A (-alif- - ʾ-j-r)

(565 words)

-alif-   abadiya   Philosophy and the Qurʾān   abābīl   Animal Life   ʾ-b-(w)    ab    Agriculture and Vegetation    Literature and the Qurʾān    Parents  

A (-alif- - ʾ-k-l - ʾ-m-l)

(574 words)

ʾ-k-l    akala    Cosmology    Food and Drink    Martyrs…

A (-alif- - ʾ-m-m - ʾ-m-n)

(730 words)

ʾ-m-m    imām, pl. aʾimma    Age of Ignorance    Almsgiving    Book    Booty    Burial    Children of Israel    Codices of the Qurʾān    Community and Society in the Qurʾān    Createdness of the Qurʾān    Dissimulation    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval    Festivals and Commemorative Days    History and the Qurʾān    Illness and Health    Imām    Kings and Rulers    Left Hand and Right Hand    Modesty   …

A (-alif- - ʾ-m-r - ʾ-w-b)

(569 words)

ʾ-m-r    amara    Book    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Virtues and Vices, Commanding an…

A (-alif- - ʾ-w-f - ʾ-ṭ-m)

(597 words)

ʾ-w-f    āfa    Sleep   ʾ-w-l    awwal    Eternity    God and his Attributes    Inheritance    Pairs and Pairing    Shīʿism and the Qurʾān    Tradition and Custom    awwalūn    History and the Qurʾān    Prophets and Prophethood    asāṭīr al-awwalīn    taʾawwala …

A (Allāma al-Ḥillī (d. 726/1325) - Antichrist [al-Masīḥ al-Dajjāl])

(801 words)

Allāma al-Ḥillī (d. 726/1325)  Creeds Allāma Majlisī (d. 1110/1698)  Ummī Allard, M. Almaq  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic Almaqah  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic  Yemen   dhū Hirrān   South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic al-ʿAlmawī (d. 981/1573)  Manuscripts of the Qurʾān Almeria  Agriculture and Vegetation Almohad Mosque  Ornamentation and Illumination Almohad(s) [al-Muwaḥḥidūn]  Material Culture and the Qurʾān  Numismatics  Translations of the Qurʾān Almoravid(s)  Epigraphy  Material Culture and the Qurʾān  Numismatics Alon, I.  Noon ʿAlqama  Rev…

A (Antioch - Arab(s) [al-ʿarab])

(580 words)

Antioch  Monasticism and Monks  Narratives  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Rass  Syria Antiochus  Expeditions and Battles  People of the Ditch Antiochus IV  Antichrist Antiquity, Late  Material Culture and the Qurʾān Antoun, Richard  Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān Anṣārī of Herat see Anṣārī al-Harawī, ʿAbdallāh (d. 481/1089) Apartheid  Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān Aphraates (Aphrahat) …

A (Arabia - Ḥijr)

(442 words)

Arabia  Abraham  Abyssinia  Age of Ignorance  Agriculture and Vegetation  Antichrist  Apostasy  Arabic Language  Arabic Script  Archaeology and the Qurʾān  Art and Architecture and the Qurʾān  Asceticism  Bedouin  Book  Byzantines   Central   History and the Qurʾān   Kaʿba   Yemen  Christians and Christianity  Chronology and the Qurʾān  Community and Society in the Qurʾān  Consecration of Animals  Cosmology  Creation  Death and the Dead  Debt  Decision  Dialects  Dialogues  Divination  Emigration  Epigraphy  Eschatology  Ethiopia  Ezra  Faith  Family   Felix   Sheba  Fighting  Forbidden  Foretelling in the Qurʾān  Friday Prayer  

A (Arabian(s) - Philosophy and the Qurʾān)

(689 words)

Arabian(s)  Messenger  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic  The Collection of the Qurʾān Arabic (language)  African Literature  Agriculture and Vegetation  Ambiguous  Arabic Language  Arabic Script  Arabs  Ark  Art and Architecture and the Qurʾān  Authority  Christians and Christianity  Chronology and the Qurʾān   Classical (CA)   Arabic Language   Grammar and the Qurʾān   Language and Style of the Qurʾān   Money   Moon   Post-Enlightenment Academic Study of the Qurʾān   Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies   Readings of the Qurʾān   Slaves and Slavery   Tabl…

A (Aristotle - Austrian State National Library)

(823 words)

Aristotle  Alexander  Creation  Life  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Science and the Qurʾān  Signs  Soul Arizona  Numbers and Enumeration Arjumand Bānū Begum  Material Culture and the Qurʾān Arkoun, M.  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān  Createdness of the Qurʾān  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Early Modern and Contemporary  Fātiḥa  Islam  Southeast Asian Qurʾānic Literature  Tools for the Scholarly Study of the Qurʾān  Translations of the Qurʾān  Violence Armageddon  African Americans Armenia  Ararat  Chronology and the Qurʾān  Jūdī Armenian (language)  Magians Armenia…


(3,067 words)

Author(s): Rippin, Andrew
The brother and companion of Moses (q.v.). Aaron (Hārūn b. ʿImrān) is mentioned by name twenty times in the Qurʾān. He is given prophetic status alongside Moses, having received the criterion (q.v.) of revelation ( furqān, q 21:48-9; cf. 19:53; 7:122; 23:45; 37:114-20; and 20:70 and 26:48, containing the phrase, “We believe in the Lord of Moses and Aaron”; see revelation and inspiration ), and is listed with a number of other prophets ( q 4:163; 6:84). Moses asked God to make Aaron his partner (wazīr) in his affairs when he was commanded to go before Pharaoh

A (Aws - al-Azharī (d. 905/1499))

(540 words)

Aws  Companions of the Prophet  Consultation  Emigrants and Helpers  Emigration  Epigraphy  Geography  History and the Qurʾān  Theology and the Qurʾān  Time Aws Allāh  Emigrants and Helpers  Emigration Aws al-Manāt  Emigrants and Helpers  Emigration Aws b. Thābit al-Anṣārī  Inheritance Aws b. al-Ṣāmit  Debate and Disputation Awsān  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic ʿAwwam  Archaeology and the Qurʾān  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic al-Awzāʿī (d. 157/774)  Creeds  Qaynuqāʿ (Banū) Axum  Abyssinia  Ethiopia [Ayatollah] Montazeri  Politics and the Qurʾān [Ayato…


(7 words)

 see family of the prophet Bibliography


(410 words)

AI Annales islamologiques AIUON Annali dell' Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli AO Acta orientalia AO-H Acta orientalia (Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae) Arabica Arabica. Revue d'ètudes arabes ARW Archiv für Religionswissenschaft AUU Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis BASOR Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research BEO Bulletin d'ètudes orientales de l'Institut Français de Damas BGA Bibliotheca geographorum arabicorum BIFAO Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archèologie Orientale du Caire BO Bibliotheca orientalis BSA Budapest studies in Arabic BSOAS…


(7 words)

 see servant; slaves and slavery Bibliography

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

(6,552 words)

Author(s): Johanna Pink
Muḥammad ʿAbduh was born around 1849 into a farming family in the Nile Delta. He received a traditional religious education, first at home, then in Ṭanṭā, and finally at Cairo’s Azhar mosque. In 1872 he started studying with Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī (1838-97), an Iranian political activist who tried to acquire a following for his anti-British agenda. Al-Afghānī introduced ʿAbduh to scholars such as Avicenna (370-428/980-1037) and Ibn Khaldūn (732-808/1332-1406), and exposed him to translations of European works on history, sociology, and political thought. In 1877 ʿAbduh r…
Date: 2017-01-04
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