Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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(661 words)

Author(s): Malti-Douglas, Fedwa
Greed or cupidity. Avarice is a multi-faceted vice that plays an important role in the Islamic assessment of human nature and behavior. Despite the existence of synonyms, the primary term for the vice is bukhl. The miser is a bakhīl (with the rare form of bākhil), plural bukhalāʾ (and more rarely bukhkhāl). The pre-eminent role that avarice holds is but a counterpart to the importance of generosity, long considered a primary social virtue by the Arabs, even before the advent of Islam. Both the Qurʾān and the ḥadīth have much to say about avarice. Qurʾānic verses, both Meccan and Medinan (see …


(11 words)

 see verses; signs; form and structure of the qurʾān Bibliography

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-dh-b)

(591 words)

-ʿayn-   maʿāsh    maʿīsha    Food and Drink   maʿṣūm    istaʿṣama    Abstinence    iʿtaṣama    Covenant    ʿiṣma    Adam and Eve    Calf of Gold    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval    Impeccability    Mary    Satanic Verses    Scripture and the Qurʾān    Shīʿism and the Qurʾān   ʾ-ṣ-w    ʿaṣā, pl. ʿiṣiyy    Instruments    Literature and the Qurʾān    Rod   ʿ-b-d    ʿabada    Epigraphy    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Everyday Life, Qurʾān In    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Literary Structures of the Qurʾān    Prophets and Prophethood    Rhymed Prose    Servants    Worsh…

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-l-l)

(459 words)

ʿ-dh-r    maʿādhīr    Left Hand and Right Hand   ʿ-f-f    istaʿaffa    Abstinence    Chastity    Shīʿism and the Qurʾān    iʿfāf    Maintenance and Upkeep   ʿ-f-r    ʿafār    Fire    Tree(s)    ʿifr    ʿIfrīt    ʿifriya    ʿIfrīt   ʿ-f-r-t    ʿifrīt, pl. ʿafārīt    Jinn    Myths and Legends in the Qurʾān    Spiritual Beings    ʿIfrīt   ʿ-f-w    ʿafuww    Forgiveness    God and his Attributes    Pairs and Pairing    ʿafw    Forgiveness    ʿafā    Judgment   ʿ-h-d    aʿhada    Cosmology    iʿtamada    Trust and Patience    maʿāhid    Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān    taʿāhud    T…

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-l-m - ʿ-l-l)

(646 words)

ʿ-l-m    maʿlam    Pilgrimage    muʿallam    Soothsayer    Teaching    taʿallum    Teaching    taʿlīmāt    Social Sciences and the Qurʾān    ʿalam, pl. aʿlām    Book    Inimitability    Jerusalem    Jesus    Jinn    Names of the Qurʾān    Traditional Disciplines of Qurʾānic Studies    World    ʿalima    Book    Cain and Abel    Codices of the Qurʾān    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Hidden and the Hidden    Intellect    Knowledge and Learning    Scholar    Teaching    ʿallama    Book    Jinn    Knowledge and Learning    Rhetoric and the Qurʾān    Teaching    Trust and Pa…

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-m-m - ʿ-m-l)

(543 words)

ʿ-m-m    ʿawāmm    Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān    Heresy    Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān    ʿāmm    Jihād    Law and the Qurʾān    ʿāmmiyya   ʿ-m-r    iʿtamara    Pilgrimage    Visiting    ʿamara    Art and Architecture and the Qurʾān    Teaching    ʿumariyyatān    Inheritance    ʿumra    Caravan    Consecration of Animals    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Everyday Life, Qurʾān In    Expeditions and Battles    Farewell Pilgrimage    Fasting    Journey    Kaʿba    Language and Style of the Qurʾān    Months    Numbers and Enumeration    Pilgrimage    Profane and…

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-r-f - ʿ-r-b)

(553 words)

ʿ-r-f    maʿrifa    Bahāʾīs    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval    Gratitude and Ingratitude    Literacy    Responsibility    Scholar    Social Sciences and the Qurʾān    maʿrifa qalbiyya    maʿrifat al-qirāʾa wa-l-kitāba    Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān    maʿrūf    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Gender    Hospitality and Courtesy    Ignorance    Medicine and the Qurʾān    Philosophy and the Qurʾān    Psalms    Virtue    al-amr bi-l-maʿrūf wa-l-nahy ʿan al-munkar    taʿārafa    ʿArafāt    ʿarafa    Ignorance    Knowledge and Learning    People of the Heights    …

(-ʿayn- - ʿ-t-w - ʿ-t-r)

(553 words)

ʿ-t-w    ʿataw    Pride    ʿatā    Conceit    ʿutuww    Conceit    ʿātiya    Air and Wind    Book   ʿ-w-d    maʿād    Everyday Life, Qurʾān In    Judgment    Last Judgment    Philosophy and the Qurʾān    Resurrection    ʿāda    Last Judgment    Medicine and the Qurʾān    ʿādda, pl. awāʿid    Consecration of Animals    ʿīd    Almsgiving    Epigraphy    Festivals and Commemorative Days    Fātiḥa    Geography    Miracles    Prayer    Ramaḍān    Sacrifice    Table    ʿīd al-aḍḥā    ʿīd al-fiṭr    ʿīd al-qurbān    ʿūd    Recitation of the Qurʾān   ʿ-w-dh    istaʿādha    Amule…


(4 words)

 see job Bibliography


(854 words)

Author(s): Firestone, Reuven
Generally considered to be a name for the father of Abraham (q.v.) in the Qurʾān, the word “āzar” appears only in q 6:74: “[Remember] when Abraham said to his father, Āzar, do you take idols as gods? I most certainly see you and your people clearly in error.” Early commentators know the biblical name of Abraham's father, Teraḥ (Arabic Tāriḥ or Tārakh; cf. Gen 11:24-32) and therefore suggest three interpretations to reconcile the difference. The most widely cited considers the name Āzar as a second name for Abraham's father, but only a few explanations are p…