Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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(6 words)

 see expeditions and battles Bibliography


(839 words)

Author(s): Guo, Li
Bestowing an item without a necessary return. Two kinds of “gift-giving” occur in the Qurʾān: (1) God giving gifts ( ʿaṭāʾ) to humans and (2) people giving, or exchanging, presents ( niḥla, hadiyya). That God gives ( aʿṭā) to humans is mentioned five times in the Qurʾān. A metaphor for “bounties” and “rewards,” material and moral, for good deeds (see blessing; grace; reward and punishment), the divine gift is described as “unbroken” ( q 11:108), and “not confined” ( q 17:20), and is often associated with “reckoning” ( q 38:39, q 78:36). God also commands men to “give the women their …


(9 words)

 see agriculture and vegetation; food and drink Bibliography

Glorification of God

(651 words)

Author(s): Mir, Mustansir
The adoration and exaltation of God, the Arabic terms for which (derived from the root letters s-b-ḥ) cover a range of meanings: worship (q.v.) or prayer (i.e. q 3:41); wonder at his ability to perform miraculaous deeds (i.e. q 17:1); constant remembrance (q.v.) of God ( dhikr, exemplified in q 13:13); contrition ( tawba, exemplified in q 24:16; see repentance and penance ); as well as a negative assertion of what God is not (see Dāmaghānī, Wujūḥ, i, 446-7 for an elaboration of these themes). Tasbīḥ, the qurʾānic word most often translated as glorification of God, is essentially…


(700 words)

Author(s): Mir, Mustansir
Height of splendor and renown. The word jalāl (“majesty”) comes closest to being the qurʾānic term for glory. The only two occurrences of the word are in sūra 55, and in both instances it is constructed with dhū, “possessor, owner” (see Gimaret, Noms divins, 75-6; Rāzī, Lawāmiʿ al-bayyināt fī l-asmāʾ wa-l-ṣifāt, 270): “Your lord's countenance, possessor of majesty and honor, [alone] will survive” ( q 55:27) and “Blessed is the name of your lord, possessor of majesty and honor” ( q 55:78). The word majd has a similar denotation and the participle majīd is used in the Qurʾān for God ( q 11:73), f…