Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

Subscriptions: see brill.com

H (Ha-Amen - Hebrew)

(1,442 words)

Ha-Amen  Hāmān al-Ḥabash, Muḥammad  Politics and the Qurʾān al-Ḥabash(a) see Abyssinia Ḥabīb (carpenter in Antioch)  Narratives  Parable Ḥabīb b. Khidma Abū Rāʾiṭa  Trinity Ḥabīb al-Raḥmān al-Aʿẓamī  Ḥadīth and the Qurʾān Ḥabrūn see Hebron Ḥacī Özbek  Mosque Hackspan, Theodor (d. 1659)  Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies Hadad (Aramaic god)  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic Ḥadaqān  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic Ḥadath  South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic Haddad, Y.Y.  Angel  Nature as Signs  Religion al-Hādī ilā l-Ḥaqq  Numismatics Ḥaḍramawt  …

H (-hāʾ- - lamam)

(670 words)

-hāʾ-   h-b-w    habāʾa    Ashes   h-b-ṭ    habaṭa    Enemies    Myths and Legends in the Qurʾān    hubūṭ    Jinn   h-d-d    tahdīd    Barzakh    Death and the Dead   h-d-h-d    hudhud    Animal Life    Literature and the Qurʾān   h-d-y    hadiyya    Gift-Giving    hady    Animal Life    Atonement    Kaʿba    Pilgrimage    hadā    Codices of the Qurʾān    Consolation    Isaac    Literature and the Qurʾān    Moses    Path or Way    hadī    Consecration of Animals    hidāya    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Early Modern and Contemporary    Imām    Path or Way    Politics and the Qurʾān    hudā…

H (Hebrew - Horovitz, J.)

(823 words)

Hebrew   Language [ʿibrī/ʿibrānī]   Anointing   Chronology and the Qurʾān   Elijah   Foreign Vocabulary   Forgery   Gospel   Grammar and the Qurʾān   Idrīs   Illiteracy   Jacob   Jesus   Jinn   Language and Style of the Qurʾān   Laughter   Magians   Path or Way   People of the Book   Pilgrimage   Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies   Sacrifice   Signs   Spatial Relations   Speech   Torah   World   Yemen   People   Blasphemy   Consecration of Animals   Day, Times of   Luqmān   Trust and Patience   Rabbinical   Foreign Vocabulary   Psalms Hebron [Ḥabrūn]  Abra…

H (Hottinger, Johann Heinrich (d. 1667) - Hūlāgū (Mongol chief))

(600 words)

Hottinger, Johann Heinrich (d. 1667)  Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies Hourani, G.  Ethics and the Qurʾān House of God see God House, People of the [ahl al-bayt]  Companions of the Prophet  Family of the Prophet  Love and Affection  People of the House  Popular and Talismanic Uses of the Qurʾān  Traditional Disciplines of Qurʾānic Studies Housman, A.E.  Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān Hoyland, R.  Epigraphy  Qibla  Religious Pluralism and the Qurʾān  Sīra and the Qurʾān Hoziq (of Bukhara)  Persian Literature and the Qurʾān Hrbek, I.  Translations of the Qurʾān Hsu, S.S.A…

Hidden and the Hidden

(1,929 words)

Author(s): Bar-Asher, Meir M.
Secret or mysterious matters and objects. The dialectics of “revealed” and “hidden” — of matters that can be known by all and matters that are known only to God, who at his discretion may share some of them with his elect (see election ) — is an essential part of the theology of the Qurʾān (see revelation and inspiration ). As with other theological issues dealt with in the Qurʾān, however, the view of “the hidden” reflected therein is not uniform. In qurʾānic parlance “the hidden” is usually termed ghayb, meaning “absence” — that is, a thing or things absent from human knowledge an…

Hides and Fleece

(537 words)

Author(s): Eisenstein, Herbert
The skins and fur of animals. There is only one qurʾānic passage referring to hides and fleece ( q 16:80): “God has appointed for you from your tents ( buyūt, lit. “houses”) a rest, and from the skins of the cattle ( julūd al-anʿām) he has appointed for you houses which are light for you on the day you strike them and the day you set them up, and from their wools ( aṣwāf) and their furs ( awbār) and their hair ( ashʿār), furnishings and comfort for a season.” (Only these animal products will be discussed in the following. Human skin, to which the Qurʾān refers in connection with hell's fire [cf. q 4:56; 22:2…

Highway Robbery

(8 words)

 see theft; chastisement and punishment Bibliography


(5 words)

 see veil; barrier Bibliography


(910 words)

Author(s): Harrison, Timothy P.
An ancient ruin in northwestern Arabia located approximately three hundred kilometers northwest of Medina (q.v.) near the modern settlement of Madāʾin Ṣāliḥ. Attested once in the Qurʾān, it is associated in qurʾānic tradition with the Thamūd (q.v.; q 7:73-9; 15:80-4; 26:141-59), said to have been a godless people who inhabited al-Ḥijr ( q 15:80; translated “rocky tract”), carving their dwellings in the surrounding mountain cliffs. They rejected the exhortations (q.v.) of the messenger Ṣāliḥ (q.v.) who had been sent to lead them to repentance (see repentance and penance ) and, as a …


(4 words)

 see emigration Bibliography

History and the Qurʾān

(8,781 words)

Author(s): Rosenthal, Franz
Introductory remark This entry deals not with the Qurʾān as a source of historical information (for which see Paret, Geschichtsquelle, and, for instance, Faruqi, Muslim historiography or Sherif, A guide) nor with its influence upon world history but with its view of history as can be outlined by present-day historians and, secondarily, with its influence upon the development of later Muslim historiography. Although as a religious and metaphysical document, the Qurʾān is not meant to be a work of history, it deals to an asto…

Ḥizb Allāh/Shayṭān

(7 words)

 see parties and factions Bibliography