Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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Q (Qadarī(s) - Qurva)

(852 words)

Qadarī(s)  Ambiguous  Freedom and Predestination  Grace  Jews and Judaism  Left Hand and Right Hand  Moses  Philosophy and the Qurʾān  Witnessing and Testifying al-Qāḍī, W. see Kadi, W. al-Qāḍī, ʿA.  Printing of the Qurʾān al-Qāḍī, N.  Printing of the Qurʾān al-Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Jabbār see ʿAbd al-Jabbār b. Aḥmad al-Asadābādi al-Qāḍī al-Hamadhānī (d. 414-15/1025) Qāḍī Aḥmad  Manuscripts of the Qurʾān al-Qādir (r. 381-422/991-1031)  Creeds   Qādirī Creed [al-iʿtiqād al-qādirī]   Creeds  Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān al-Qādisiyya  Iraq  Sīra and the Qurʾān [al-Qāḍī] al-Nuʿmān (d. 363/974)  …

Q (-qāf- - q-d-r)

(620 words)

-qāf-   mustaqīm    aqwam    The Collection of the Qurʾān    maqām, pl. maqāmāt    Festivals and Commemorative Days    God and his Attributes    House, Domestic and Divine    Intercession    Kaʿba    Mecca    Mosque    Muḥammad    Paradise    Place of Abraham    Ranks and Orders    Recitation of the Qurʾān    Rhymed Prose    Sacred Precincts    Suffering    maqām amīn    maqām ibrāhīm    maqām maʿlūm    maqām maḥmūd    maqāmahu wa-martabatahu    Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān    qawm    Brother and Brotherhood    Community and Society in the Qurʾān    Contemporary Critical P…

Q (-qāf- - q-d-s - q-r-d)

(477 words)

q-d-s    muqaddas    Names of the Prophet    Profane and Sacred    Sacred Precincts    qudsī    Garden    Names of the Prophet    Ḥadīth and the Qurʾān    qudus    Holy Spirit    Profane and Sacred   q-d-w    iqtidāʾ    Fear   q-d-ḥ    qidḥ, pl. aqdāḥ    Gambling    Soothsayer   q-dh-f    maqdhūf    Flogging    qadhafa    Fear    qadhf    Flogging    Gossip    Law and the Qurʾān    Witnessing and Testifying   q-dh-r    qadhir    Contamination   q-f-l    qufl, pl. aqfāl    Instruments   q-f-r    qaf[f]ūr    Camphor    qāfūr    Camphor   q-f-w    qaffā    Prophets and Prophethood    q…

Q (-qāf- - q-ḍ-y - qarmaṭa)

(507 words)

q-ḍ-y    qaḍā    Conquest    Cosmology    Fate    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Judgment    Persian Literature and the Qurʾān    Word of God    qaḍāʾ    Belief and Unbelief    Cosmology    Death and the Dead    Decision    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Fate    Freedom and Predestination    Impotence    Judgment    Philosophy and the Qurʾān    Trust and Patience    qaḍāʾ wa-(l-)qadar    qāḍī, pl. quḍāt    African Literature    Judgment    Maintenance and Upkeep    Reciters of the Qurʾān    Ritual and the Qurʾān    Seeing and Hearing    Teaching and Preaching the Qurʾān    Torah…

Q (-qāf- - q-r-n - q-s-w)

(659 words)

q-r-n    qarn, pl. qurūn    Generations    History and the Qurʾān    Literacy    Remnant    dhū l-qarnayn    qarna    Women and the Qurʾān    qarīn    Spiritual Beings    Witnessing and Testifying    qarīna, pl. qarāʾin    Law and the Qurʾān    Rhymed Prose    Sin, Major and Minor    qirna    Women and the Qurʾān    quranāʾ    Spiritual Beings   q-r-r    aqarra    Consolation    iqrār    Faith    mustaqarr    House, Domestic and Divine    Science and the Qurʾān    Sun    Time    qarār    Jesus    qurrāt    Beauty    Love and Affection    qārūra, pl. qawārīr    Art and Architec…

Q (-qāf- - q-s-w-r - q-ḍ-b)

(517 words)

q-s-w-r    qaswara    Animal Life    Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān   q-s-ṭ    muqsiṭ, pl. muqsiṭūn    Love and Affection    qisṭ    Ethics and the Qurʾān    Foreign Vocabulary    God and his Attributes    Justice and Injustice    Measurement    Moderation    Mosque    Philosophy and the Qurʾān    Politics and the Qurʾān    Virtues and Vices, Commanding and Forbidding    qāsiṭūn    Justice and Injustice   q-s-ṭ-s    qisṭās    Foreign Vocabulary    Instruments    Measurement   q-t-l    muqātil    Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval    qatala    Cain and Abel    …

Q (Qurā - al-Qāsimī, Muḥammad Jamāl al-Dīn)

(277 words)

Qurā  Archaeology and the Qurʾān   Wādī   Archaeology and the Qurʾān   Expeditions and Battles   Qurayẓa (Banū al-) Qurʾān   Kūfic   Printing of the Qurʾān   Ur-   Chronology and the Qurʾān Qurḥ  Archaeology and the Qurʾān al-Qushayrī, Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Hawāzin (d. 465/1072)  Artery and Vein  Byzantines  Creeds  Dreams and Sleep  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval  Hospitality and Courtesy  Persian Literature and the Qurʾān  Polysemy in the Qurʾān  Soul  Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān Quss  Najrān Quwwat al-Islam  Material Culture and the Qurʾān Quzaḥ   Hill of   Profa…


(5 words)

 see animal life Bibliography

Queen of Sheba

(8 words)

 see bilqīs; sheba; solomon Bibliography


(2,856 words)

Author(s): Rubin, Uri
Name of a tribe in Mecca (q.v.) to which Muḥammad belonged (for the meaning of the name, see Watt, Ḳuraysh). It is mentioned only once in the Qurʾān ( q 106:1), in a chapter dealing with their winter and summer caravans (see caravan ). The exegetes quote detailed traditions about their pre-Islamic commercial system which acquired international dimensions, their trade caravans being said to have reached as far as Byzantium in the north (see byzantines ), Persia in the east, Abyssinia (q.v.) in the west and Yemen (q.v.) in the south. The qurʾānic chapter itself requests the Quraysh…

Qurayẓa (Banū al-)

(1,110 words)

Author(s): Schöller, Marco
One of the Jewish tribes of Medina and traditionally part of the triad that also includes the Banū Qaynuqāʿ (q.v.) and the Banū l- Naḍīr (see naḍīr [banū al-] ). Although the origin of the Qurayẓa, like that of the other Medinan Jews, and their coming to Medina (q.v.) are not known with certainty, the sources provide some information concerning their role in pre-Islamic times. Thus, members of the Qurayẓa allegedly persuaded the Yemenite ruler Asʿad Abū Qarib not to attack Medina and caused him to convert to Judaism (see jews and judaism; yemen; pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān; sou…


(7,322 words)

Author(s): Delfina Serrano Ruano
Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Abī Bakr b. Farḥ al-Anṣārī al-Khazrajī al-Qurṭubī (d. 671/1273) is best known for his al-Jāmiʿ li-aḥkām al-Qurʾān (“The comprehensive legal commentary of the Qurʾān”), a classic of Qurʾānic exegesis. Yet his dedication to the sacred book extended beyond the mere composition of this specific work to cover the rest of his intellectual production, all of which was conceived to complete, specify, or ratify the points he had made in his voluminous tafsīr. This scholarly endeavour even permeated through to the most personal aspects of his life…
Date: 2016-11-17