Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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(6 words)

 see path or way Bibliography


(7 words)

 see fire; hell and hellfire Bibliography


(7 words)

 see theft; boundaries and precepts Bibliography


(5 words)

 see stone; stoning Bibliography


(1,033 words)

Author(s): Saritoprak, Zeki
Staff or stick upon which one leans for support or uses as a tool. In the Qurʾān, the Arabic word for rod, ʿaṣā, which is mentioned twelve times, is used in the possessive form when speaking of Moses (q.v.), that is, ʿaṣā Mūsā, “the rod of Moses.” It is used in a singular form (ʿaṣā) when related to Moses and in a plural form (ʿiṣiyya) with reference to Pharaoh's (q.v.) sorcerers (see magic ). Events involving the word ʿaṣā, which has a variety of features in the Qurʾān, have been presented in support of its being one of the two great miracles of Moses (see miracles; marvels). The qurʾānic commentators narrate various ¶ stories of how Moses received the rod (see exegesis of the qurʾān: classical and medieval ). Some relate that the prophet Shuʿayb (q.v.), the father-in-law of Moses, gave him the rod and that Adam brought it from heaven when he was compelled to leave (see adam and eve; fall of man…


(4 words)

 see byzantines Bibliography

R (-rāʾ- - r-h-n)

(479 words)

-rāʾ-   r--ʿ-w    irʿawā    Grammar and the Qurʾān   r-b-b    (al-)rabba    God and his Attributes    Jinn    marbūb    Lord    rabb, pl. arbāb    Authority    Chronology and the Qurʾān    Cosmology    Day, Times of    Druzes    Everyday Life, Qurʾān In    Fear    God and his Attributes    Grammar and the Qurʾān    Gratitude and Ingratitude    Jinn    Justice and Injustice    Kaʿba    Lord    Mecca    Morning    Myths and Legends in the Qurʾān    Oaths    Pairs and Pairing    Parents    Pharaoh    Pilgrimage    Place of Abraham    Possession and Possessions    Praise    Pr…

R (-rāʾ- - r-h-w - r-q-d)

(457 words)

r-h-w    rahwan    Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān   r-h-ṭ    rahṭ    World   r-j-b    rajabiyyūn    Fasting   r-j-f    rajfa    Fire    Pit    Suffering    Thamūd    rājifa    Pit   r-j-j    rujja    Apocalypse   r-j-l    rajil, pl. rijāl    Feet    Gender    Jinn    Muḥammad    Prophets and Prophethood    Reciters of the Qurʾān    Trips and Voyages    rajul    God and his Attri…

R (-rāʾ- - r-q-m - r-w-ḥ / r-y-ḥ)

(651 words)

r-q-m    marqūm    Writing and Writing Materials    raqīm    Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān   r-q-q    raqq    Instruments    Orality and Writing in Arabia    Sheets    raqīq    Slaves and Slavery    riqq    Sheets    Slaves and Slavery    tarqīq    Recitation of the Qurʾān   r-q-y    ruqya, pl. ruqan, ruqā    Amulets    Medicine and the Qurʾān    Popular and Talismanic Uses of the Qurʾān    ruqā    Popular and Talismanic Uses …

R (-rāʾ- - r-y-b - r-ṭ-l)

(545 words)

r-y-b   Suspicion    rayb    Fate    Poetry and Poets    Reciters of the Qurʾān    Time    Uncertainty    rayb al-manūn   r-y-sh    rīsh    Clothing    Signs   r-y-ḥ   r-z-q    razaqa    Festivals and Commemorative Days…

R (Red Sea - Law)

(524 words)

Red Sea  Christians and Christianity  Drowning  Ethiopia  Geography  Inimitability  Miracles  Ramaḍān  Ships  Signs  Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān  Trips and Voyages  Yemen Redhouse  Epigraphy Reed, L.  Ḥijr Reformation  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān Reineccius, Christian (d. 1752)  Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies Reinhart, A.  Contamination  Ethics and the Qurʾān Reland, Adriaan (d. 1718)  Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies Renaissance  Contemporary Critical Practices and the Qurʾān Renan, E.  Sīra and the Qurʾān Renard, J.  Ad…

R (Rome - du Ryer, André)

(358 words)

Rome  Christians and Christianity  Money  Numismatics  Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qurʾānic Studies  Social Sciences and the Qurʾān Rosenthal, F.  Age of Ignorance  History and the Qurʾān  Traditional Disciplines of Qurʾānic Studies Ross, A.  Translations of the Qurʾān Ross, E.D.  Translations of the Qurʾān Rotary Club  Hypocrites and Hypocrisy Rowson, E.  Gossip  Homosexuality Rubin, U.  Abraha  Caravan  Children of Isra…


(6 words)

 see metals and minerals Bibliography


(10 words)

 see paradise; gardens; material culture and the qurʾān Bibliography


(6 words)

 see geography; generations; remnant Bibliography