Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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G (index)

(2,812 words)

Gabalas, Manuel Homer, Translation Gabii [Latium] Local Scripts Gadara Bilingualism, Diglossia and Literacy in First-Century Jewish Palestine Gaeta, Livio Word Order Gagnepain, Jean Abstract Nouns Gaide, Françoise Diminutives/Augmentatives (Syntax and Morphology) Gail, Jean B. Greek Historiography, Translation Gaisford, Thomas Lexicography, History of Galand, Antoine Formulaic Language Galatia Greek and Celtic | Koine, Origins of Galatian Written versus Spoken Language Galen Allegory (‎ allēgoría‎‎), Ancient Theories of | Alphabetical Dictionaries: From An…

Glides

(585 words)

Author(s): Alcorac Alonso Déniz
Abstract A ‘glide’ is the transitional semivowel between /i/ and /u/ and a following mid or low vowel. Although the term ‘glide’ can be used as a synonym of semivowel, in a narrower sense it describes the transitional semivowel between /i/ and /u/ and a following mid or low vowel, cf. French plier /pliˈ(j)e/. Glides have no phonological status in Ancient Greek and they are not usually represented in writing. However, glide-notation appears sometimes in early Greek inscriptions. A [j] glide, spelled with iôta < i>, is found in the Ion. p.n. Diiophánēs and in Sicyonian Sekuwṓniios ‘of Sicyon…
Date: 2013-11-01

Glottalic Theory and Greek

(1,522 words)

Author(s): Brian Joseph
Abstract According to the Glottalic Theory the three types of Proto-Indo-European stops were essentially plain, glottalized, and voiced (t, t’, d) rather than plain, voiced, and voice-aspirated (t, d, dh), as is commonly claimed. The theory was developed in the 1970s independently by Thomas Gamkrelidze and Vyacheslav Ivanov and by Paul Hopper. Traditional reconstructions of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) sound system focused on the contrasting sets of correspondences that required the reconstruction of distinct segment-types for the proto-language. Th…
Date: 2013-11-01

Gnomes

(707 words)

Author(s): Dimitrios Christidis
Abstract A gnome (or maxim) is a brief, succinct statement about particular aspects of human life and conduct, based on experience, expressing an opinion widely accepted, and giving advice for or against a course of action. The Greek word gnṓmē, originally meaning ‘opinion’, is used since the 5th c. BCE (cf. Soph. Aj. 1091, Eur. fr. 362.3 Kannicht, Aristoph. Nub. 924, Xen. Mem. 4.2.9) to denote also a ‘maxim’ or a ‘wise saying’, i.e., a brief, general, succinct statement about particular aspects of human life and conduct, based on experience, expressing an…
Date: 2013-11-01

Gnomic Aorist

(552 words)

Author(s): John Hewson
Abstract The Greek gnomic aorist is a perfective past tense that is used to represent a generic fact, habitual truth, or habitual action. A gnomic form (the initial g- is silent in English) is not a particular tense or aspect. Gnomic forms represent a generic fact, a general truth, or a habitual action, and may be found with a variety of different tenses and aspects, in proverbs such as A stitch in time saves nine, Boys will be boys, or Curiosity killed the cat. A major problem for translators is that different languages not only have different verbal systems, but also differe…
Date: 2013-11-01