Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(3,281 words)

Author(s): Tamás Iványi
Kalām has to be differentiated from qawl ‘saying’ because the latter may or may not be part of the accepted (regular) speech, i.e. kalām, while kalām is actualized by different sayings (mainly quotations from poetry). Everything may be quoted, both (grammatically) correct sayings and unsound ( malḥūn) ones. Therefore, a Qurʾānic quotation is introduced by qawluhu taʿālā ‘the Almighty said’, which is followed by a part of the kalām Allāh. The distinction between kalām and qawl sheds light on the nature of kalām: every kalām is qawl, but not every qawl can be regarded as kalām. The expressi…


(2,196 words)

Author(s): Aryeh Levin
1. Introduction The form kalima (pl. kalim), commonly denoting ‘a word’, sometimes occurs as a grammatical term corresponding in sense to the modern linguistic term ‘ morpheme’. This sense of kalima is inferred from Sībawayhi ( Kitāb II, 330.15–339.19), al-Mubarrad ( Muqtaḍab I, 36–52), Ibn as-Sarrāj ( ʾUṣūl III, 171.1–179.5), and Ibn Yaʿīš ( Šarḥ I, 21.5–20…

Kāna wa-ʾaxawātuhā

(2,791 words)

Author(s): Aryeh Levin
1. Introduction …


(1,685 words)

Author(s): Sergio Baldi
1. Kanuri and Arabic The first contact between Islam and the empire of Kanem, situated near Lake Chad, was made through trade. Kanem had commercial links with Tripoli in North Africa via Kawar and the Fezzan. This trade “provided the gateway for Islam to enter Kanem” (Clarke …


(7 words)

Author(s): not-specified
Not Specified

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(51 words)

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