Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Object

(5 words)

see Transitivity: Object

Object, Absolute

(2,954 words)

Author(s): Moheiddin Ali Homeidi
1. Definition The absolute object ( al-mafʿūl al-muṭlaq) is defined in the Arabic syntactic tradition as “an accusative noun phrase that takes the form of its maṣdar ( nomina verbi or infinitives) or its substitute; it is used to emphasize the action of its governor (the verb or its substitutes), its kind or number” (ar-Rājiḥī 1988:277). The term mafʿūl muṭlaq is not used by Sībawayhi; he discusses the function of the maṣdar in the construction of the absolute object under the term ism al-ḥadat̲ān or al-ḥadat̲ ‘the event’ ( Kitāb I, 15.2–3; cf. I, 117–120 Bāb mā yakūnu min al-maṣādir mafʿūlan

Obligatory Contour Principle

(2,048 words)

Author(s): Samuel Rosenthall
The Obligatory Contour Principle ( OCP), originally proposed to account for the distribution of tones in West African languages (see Leben 1973; Goldsmith 1976), has been extended to a wider range of phenomena, leading to McCarthy's formal definition of the principle: “At the melodic level, adjacent identical elements are not permitted” (1986:208). The study of Arabic phonology and morphology has had a profound influence in extending the role of the OCP in grammar. The OCP, as first proposed, is illustrated by the tonology of Mende, which has surface tone patterns LHH and HLL (H hi…