Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Qāf

(1,776 words)

Author(s): Lutz Edzard
1. Qāf in Arabic and Semitic Qāf is the name of the 21st letter of the Arabic alphabet. In surveys of Modern Standard Arabic, /q/ is regularly described as a voiceless velar or uvular plosive/stop (cf., e.g., Kästner 1981:45–46). While this description reflects the pronunciation in Modern Standard Arabic and in some dialects, it is very likely that the uvular stop regularly transcribed as q in Arabic linguistics was a nonemphatic (nonvelarized) voiced counterpart to k (IPA [g]) (cf., e.g., Versteegh 2001:21). As one of the ḥurūf ʾaqṣā l-lisān ‘the sounds at the remotest part of the…

Qalqala

(1,504 words)

Author(s): Solomon Sara
Definition Qalqala means ‘commotion’ or ‘disturbance’, phonetically amounting to the insertion of a schwa after certain consonants. The term qalqala is an echo word that is reminiscent of other similar terms that were employed in marking or classifying speech characteristics of various Arab speech communities or tribes, notably ʿagʿaga, that is, substituting [ig] for [i:] at the word end, as in [tami:mi:] > [tami:mig] ‘from Tamīm’; ʿanʿana, i.e. substituting [ˁ] for [ˀ], as in [ˀanna-ka] > [ˁanna-ka] ‘that you (m.)’; kaškaša, i.e. substituting [ʃ] for [k] in the feminine si…