Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(5 words)

see Vowel Raising


(4,021 words)

Author(s): Mohssen Esseesy
Reanalysis is inextricably linked to (child's) language acquisition (Harris and Campbell 1995; Hopper and Traugott 1993), because children interpret syntactic relations of words and their constructions according to rules newer than those in the output of adults. Such rules are presumed to differ from the original ones used in their constructions. This mode of alternative construin…


(1,724 words)

Author(s): Joost Kremers
Heim a.o. (1991) argue that in order to achieve this, a reciprocal expression such as each other is composed of two elements: a distributor ( each) and a reciprocator ( other). The distributor is associated with the subject (which in the theoretical framework that Heim a.o. use is expressed as a covert movement of the distributor to the subject) and thus turns a plural subject ( the men) into a distributed subject ( the men each). The reciprocator is in object position and, in a se…

Reference tools for Arabic linguistics

(1,072 words)

Author(s): Eid, Mushira | Elgibali, Alaa | Versteegh, Kees | Woidich, Manfred | Zaborski, Andrzej
For many disciplines within the field of Arabic studies major reference tools exist. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, especially useful for historical matters, with an emphasis on persons and places, has now embarked on its third edition. The Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān covers the entire domain of Qurʾānic studies and has only one more volume to go to completion. For Arabic literature there is the Encyclopedia of Arabic literature, as well as the Cambridge history of Arabic literature. For written production in Classical Arabic Brockelmann's


(1,660 words)

Author(s): Reem Bassiouney
1. Definition ‘Register’ refers to a variety of language defined according to its use in social situations, for example the register of scientific, religious, or formal English. In Hallidayan linguistics, the term is specifically opposed to those varieties of language which are defined according to the characteristics of th…

Relative Clause

(5,415 words)

Author(s): Mustafa Mughazy
1. Subordination and relative clauses …


(2,214 words)

Author(s): Joseph Aoun
(1a) mīn fakkarto ʾənn-o sāmi who thought.2ms that Sami ʿazam


(881 words)

Author(s): David Teeple
1. Cluster avoidance According to the theory of …