Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Fiʿl

(4,482 words)

Author(s): Hassan Salam Bazzi Hamzé
1. Definition: Morphology and tense Fiʿl (etymologically ‘fact, operation’) is generally translated by ‘ verb’. It is not, as one might have assumed, the noun depicting the process ( maṣdar) of the verb faʿala ‘to do’, since the verbs constructed in the form CaCaCa derive their maṣdar in the form CaCC (al-Xalīl, al-ʿAyn, s.v. f-ʿ-l), apparently with the exception of three verbs whose maṣdar takes the form CiCC (Ibn Mana̱ūr, Lisān, root f-ʿ-l). Sībawayhi's Kitāb, dating from the 8th century, was the first book in the Arabic grammatical tradition. It begins by dividing …
Date: 2018-04-01

First Language Acquisition

(5,346 words)

Author(s): Fatima Badry Zalami
Sībawayhi's al-Kitāb and Ibn Jinnī's Sirr ṣināʿat al-ʾiʿrāb (Bakalla 1994) are prominent examples of distinguished scholarship that demonstrate a long investigative tradition related to the study of the Arabic language. In contrast, the acquisition of Arabic as a native language by children received no particular attention in the past – apart from some passing references, such as in al-Jāḥiẓ's encyclopedic book al-Bayān wa-t-tabyīn – and continues to be a relatively neglected area of study. This marginalization may be explained, in part, by the reluctance …
Date: 2018-04-01

First Language Teaching

(5,578 words)

Author(s): Kassem M. Wahba
This entry gives a brief overview of the present situation of Arabic language teaching and learning at primary, preparatory, and secondary schools in the Arab world. Although the examples concern only a few Arab countries, many issues hold true for the rest of the Arab countries. The following issues are discussed: (1) the teaching and learning of Arabic in the Arab world; (2) the structure of the school system; (3) the place of the Arabic language in the school curriculum; (4) the goals and con…
Date: 2018-04-01