Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Gypsy Arabic

(4,215 words)

Author(s): Yaron Matras
‘Gypsies’ is an ambiguous term. It is used on the one hand as a universal term to denote ethnically and linguistically diverse populations of commercial nomads (also known as service nomads, itinerants, or peripatetics). In a more restricted sense, it often refers specifically to the Řom or Romanies of Europe, a population of Indian origin whose language is (or, in the case of some communities, was) a dialect of Romani – řomani čhib or řomanes, as it is usually referred to by its speakers (see Matras 2002). A further, mixed reading of the term ‘Gypsies’ might include …
Date: 2018-04-01