Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(5,264 words)

Author(s): Mohammed Sawaie
1. Historical introduction This entry refers to modern-day Jordan, as established in 1921 by the British. Initially it was a princedom designated to Emir (‘prince’), later King, Abdullah. During that stage, between 1921 and 1946, it was known as Trans-Jordan. It was also called ‘the East Bank’, referring to the River Jordan. The second stage began after the annexation of the Palestinian territories, or ‘the West Bank’, that were left unoccupied by the State of Israel in 1948. In 1950, the name changed to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. In the wake of the 194…
Date: 2018-04-01

Jordanian Arabic (Amman)

(7,073 words)

Author(s): Enam Al-Wer
Jordan is the southernmost country of Bilād aš-Šam, and, like the other countries in the region, it came to exist as a separate political entity after the dismantlement of the Ottoman Empire. This part of the region had been the poorest in terms of natural and human resources, and it lacked large urban centers that could act as cultural and linguistic focal points for the local population. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, Jordanians looked outside their country's borders to cities such as…
Date: 2018-10-27

Juba Arabic

(5,413 words)

Author(s): Catherine Miller
1. General 1.1 Area, range, functions Juba Arabic is the name given to an Arabic-based variety spoken mainly in the southern part of the Sudan and more precisely in Juba, the capital city of the Equatoria region. There are indications that the Arabic varieties spoken in the other southern regions (Bahr al Ghazal and Upper Nile) are dialectally distinctive. Juba Arabic is spoken either as an interethnic lingua franca or as a mother tongue among the members of the South Sudanese urban population who lost their ethnic native language (no number available). In Juba it is the dominant lingua fran…
Date: 2018-04-01


(7,765 words)

Author(s): Geoffrey Khan
The term ‘Judaeo-Arabic’ refers to a type of Arabic that was used by Jews and was distinct in some way from other types of Arabic. It is by no means a uniform linguistic entity and is used to refer both to written forms of Arabic and also to spoken dialects. The Arabic language was used by Jews in Arabia before the rise of Islam. Some of the pre-Islamic Arabic poets were Jewish, the most famous of whom was as-Samawʾal ibn ʿAdī. The surviving written works of those Jewish poets do not exhibit anything that distinguishes them from the equivalent works …
Date: 2018-04-01


(3,193 words)

Author(s): Tamás Iványi
The lexical meaning of the word jumla (pl. jumal) is ‘sum, total’; in the Western linguistic tradition it is usually translated with ‘clause, proposition’ or even ‘sentence’; in modern Arabic linguistics it is used for ‘sentence’. Originally, jumla was the opposite of mufrad lit. ‘single, individual’ which in linguistics meant ‘simple, consisting of one word or element’. Thus, jumla means approximately ‘consisting of more than one word or element’. In the medieval Arabic dictionaries, jumla is explained by jamāʿa ‘group, sum’, and as such, it contrasts with ‘individuals’ ( ʾafrād) a…
Date: 2018-04-01


(10 words)

see Mood (Arabic Dialects) | Mood (Standard Arabic)
Date: 2018-10-27