Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(4,439 words)

Author(s): Fiona Mc Laughlin
1. Arabic in Senegal Senegal is a predominantly Muslim country of sub-Saharan Africa, situated on the west coast of Africa. It is bordered by Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea Bissau to the south. The Arabic language was introduced into Senegal as early as the 11th century C.E. with the southward spread of Islam, brought by Berber merchants and militants from Morocco and Mauritania. Currently, Arabic is used as a religious language and as a medium of education in religious circles; it is taught in the public school system and…
Date: 2018-04-01


(2,921 words)

Author(s): Moha Ennaji
1. The simple sentence This entry examines salient syntactic differences in simple and complex sentences between Standard Arabic and Moroccan Arabic (see also verbal clause; nominal clause). In both varieties, the word orders Verb-Subject-Object (VSO), as in (1a) and (2a), and Subject-Verb-Object (SVO), as in (1b) and (2b), are used alternately, although the latter is the unmarked surface order. Standard Arabic (1a) kataba ḥātim-un risālat-an wrote.3ms Hatim-Nom letter-Acc ‘Hatim wrote a letter’ (1b) ḥātim-un kataba risālat-an Hatim-Nom wrote.3ms letter-Acc ‘Hatim wrote a …
Date: 2018-04-01

Sentence Coordination

(2,029 words)

Author(s): Heidi Lorimor
Sentence coordination refers to the process of creating compound sentences through combining two or more independent clauses. Coordination may be ‘syndetic’, which means that the conjuncts are combined using a conjunction such as wa- ‘and’ or fa- ‘and so’, or coordination may be ‘asyndetic’, in which case the sentences are combined without the use of any conjunctions (Cantarino 1974–1975:III, 7). Syndetic coordination is more common than asyndetic coordination, and the conjunctions that conjoin sentences are also used for many other purposes, including conjoining …
Date: 2018-04-01

Serial Verbs

(2,589 words)

Author(s): Kees Versteegh
The term ‘serial verbs’ is used in the literature to indicate a verbal syntagm consisting of two (or more) finite verbs without a formal coordinating marker but with the same argument structure, one of which is semantically demoted, often grammaticalized, and lexically restricted (Sebba 1987:39). Constructions with serial verbs are familiar from a wide group of languages, ranging from Mandarin Chinese to West African languages like Yoruba. Examples are given in (1) – (3). (1) (Mandarin Chinese) ta lai shang ban he come go.up shift ‘He comes to work’ (Dai 1990:327) (2) ( Sranan) a waka go na…
Date: 2018-04-01
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