Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Hakka Dialects

(5,230 words)

Author(s): Chun-fat LAU
1. Definition of the Hakka Dialect It seems simple to say that the Hakka dialect is the dialect spoken by the Hakka people, identified as originating in northern China and moving to southern China through five waves of migration over the last 1,500 years (Luó 1933). Hakka has been recognized as a modern Chinese dialect group (Yuán et al. 1989; Würm and Li 1987). This story is, however, problematic in several respects. Recent studies suggest that the name Hakka (Cantonese haak3gaa3 客家 ‘guest families’, Mandarin kèjiā) arose as a product of the dispute between Cantonese-speaking natives and Hakka-speaking intruders in western Guǎngdōng around 1800 (Constable 1996), and that the Hakka identity was constructed after the fact (Constable 1996; Leong 1997). Therefore, “Hakka” as a self-labeling identity (for both the language and the people), is only found in those areas to which awareness of this identity has spread, an event that is still ongoing (Liú Zhènfā 2001). Many people speaking Hakka (i.e., languages mu…
Date: 2017-03-02

Haudricourt, André-Georges (1911-1996)

(3,048 words)

Author(s): Alexis MICHAUD | Guillaume JACQUES
1. Biography André-Georges Haudricourt was born in 1911. He grew up on his parents’ farm, in a remote area of Picardie. He was curious about techniques, plants, and languages from his early childhood onwards. After he passed the Baccalauréat
Date: 2017-03-02