Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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Dying, Aid for the

(1,632 words)

Author(s): Eibach, Ulrich
1. Concept The phrase “aid for the dying” variously conveys (1) simply being there for them, (2) care and medical measures to make dying easier, and (3) refraining from medical measures to keep the dying alive. From all these forms of passive aid we must theoretically distinguish active aid in the form of hastening death (i.e., so-called assisted suicide; see 3 below), which ethically and legally counts as homicide, whether on request or not. The meaning of the phrase “aid for the dying” overlaps with that of “euthanasia” but pertains only to the d…