Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Edited by: Geoffrey Khan
Associate editors: Shmuel Bolozky, Steven Fassberg, Gary A. Rendsburg, Aaron D. Rubin, Ora R. Schwarzwald, Tamar Zewi

The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online features advanced search options, as well as extensive cross-references and full-text search functionality using the Hebrew character set. With over 850 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.

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The Academy of the Hebrew Language

(8,396 words)

Author(s): Gadish, Ronit
The Academy of the Hebrew Language was established towards the end of 1953, in accordance with the provisions of the “Law of the Supreme Institution for the Hebrew Language”, which the Knesset passed on 27 August 1953. 1. The Hebrew Language Committee The Academy of the Hebrew Language (האקדמיה ללשון העברית ha-ʾaqademya la-lašon ha-ʿivrit) is the heir of its predecessor organization, the Hebrew Language Committee (ועד הלשון העברית vaʿad ha-lašon ha-ʿivrit), whose origins go back to the Clear Language Society (חברת שפה ברורה x̱evrat śafa brura), founded in 1889 in Jerusalem at th…

Tibbonide Hebrew Translations of Arabic

(2,825 words)

Author(s): Maman, Aharon
The ibn Tibbon family produced several generations of translators from Arabic into Hebrew in the Middle Ages. The two most famous members of this family, Judah ibn Tibbon (Granada, Spain 1120—Lunel-Marseille, Provence 1190) and his son Samuel (Lunel, Provence 1150–1230), certainly deserve their reputation, having together translated fifteen large works from Arabic, mostly Judeo-Arabic, and laid the foundations for the dissemination of science and philosophy in Provence (Rabin 2000:58). They were…

Tiberian Reading Tradition

(6,547 words)

Author(s): Khan, Geoffrey
1. Introduction The Tiberian reading tradition is the oral recitation of the Hebrew Bible that the Tiberian vocalization and accent signs were created to represent. These vocalization and accent signs are the ones that appear in all modern printed editions of the Bible. They were developed in Tiberias by scholars known as Masoretes in the last quarter of the first millennium C.E. Although the system of signs was created in the Middle Ages, the oral tradition of reading which it was designed to rep…

Tigrinya, Hebrew Loanwords in

(516 words)

Author(s): Kogan, Leonid
A systematic perusal of T. L. Kane’s Tigrinya-English Dictionary reveals ca. twenty-five words going back to Hebrew prototypes. None of them has entered Tigrinya directly, but rather through a Geʿez (in a few cases, perhaps Arabic) intermediary. The Geʿez lexemes were, in turn, also borrowed indirectly, in most cases, via Aramaic, Greek, or Arabic. In the list below, references are given to W. Leslau’s Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (CDG) and T. Nöldeke’s classic study of 1910, where commonly accepted views on the borrowing history of the pertinent lexemes are summarized. Almost all…