Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

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Ifrane (of the Anti-Atlas; also Ifran, Oufrane)

(878 words)

Author(s): Daniel Schroeter
Located in the Anti-Atlas Mountains in the  southwestern Sous region, the town of Ifrane (from Berb. ifri, cave), called Oufrane by Jews, was, according to Moroccan Jewish tradition, home to the oldest continuously existing Jewish community in Morocco. Legend recounted that its origin ultimately went back to escapees from Jerusalem after the destruction of the First Temple in 586 B.C.E.  Over the years their descendants moved across Egypt and North Africa in search of a home. They eventually settled in Wadi Oufrane in…

Ighil n'Ogho

(355 words)

Author(s): Yossef Chetrit
Ighil n-Ogho was the central  mellah (Ar. mallāh ; see also Jewish Quarter) of the Talouine region (Zagmouzen tribe), in the Sirwa massif, above the Sous region (near Ras al-Wad) in southern Morocco. Zagmouzen was an important thoroughfare in the mountains between the Draa (Dar‘a) and Sous valleys; it is still known today for its excellent saffron. The mellah was founded in the sixteenth century or possibly earlier. Judging from the large cemetery located 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) away, it may have had some 350 inhabitants in th…
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