Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

Subscriptions: see brill.com

I (Ibn Ezra, Moses - Ibn Lev, Joseph ben David (Rival/Maharival, b. 1500): responsa by)

(2,091 words)

Ibn Ezra, Moses, Granada, Hijā' (Heb. neʿaṣa), Ibn Ezra, Moses, Lucena, Lucena, Malaga, Hebrew Poetry in the Medieval Islamic World, Hebrew Poetry in the Medieval Islamic World, Seville, Bible Exegesis, David (Abū ʾl-Ḥasan) ben al-Dayyan, Ibn Abī ʾl-ʿAysh, Moses (Abū Harūn), Ibn al-Rabῑb, Abraham (Abū Isḥāq)  on Abū ’l-Rabī‘, Abū ʾl-Rabīʿ ben Barukh  on Abun ben Sherara, Abun ben Sherara  on Abun of Granada, Abun (of Granada)  on Albalia, Isaac ben Barukh, Albalia, Isaac ben Barukh  on al-Bargeloni, Bargeloni, Isaac ben Reuben, al-  on Ben Maskarān, Isaac (Abū I…

I (Ibn Luṭf, Bābāi - Ibn Sughmār, Joseph ben David)

(2,476 words)

Ibn Luṭf, Bābāi, Clothing, Jewelry and Make-up, Bābāī ben Farhād, Bābāī ben Luṭf, Conversion, Isfahan, Kitāb-i Anusī, Kitāb-i Sar-Guzasht-i Kāshān dar bāb-i ʿibrī va goyimi-yi sānī, Zoroastrians, (Jewish relations with), ʽĀlamārā-yi Ἁbbāsi, Tārīkh-i, Lārī, Abū 'l Ḥasan, Judeo-Persian Literature, Allāhverdī Khān [I], Allāhverdī Khān [II], Chronicle of the Carmelites, Faraḥābād, Ḥovot Yehuda, Muḥammad Beg, ʿAbbās I, Shāh, ʿAbbās II, Shah  on ‘Abbās I, Iran/Persia, Serah bat Asher, ʿAbbās I, Shāh  on Allahyār, Allahyār  on al-‘Amilī, ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad ibn Bahāʾ al-Dīn Ḥ…

I (Ibn Sughmār, Judah ben Moses - ‘Imrānī: poetry)

(1,940 words)

Ibn Sughmār, Judah ben Moses, Ibn Sughmār Family Ibn Sughmār, Labrạ ben Moses, Ibn Sughmār Family  letter to Nahray ben Nissim, Ibn Sughmār Family Ibn Sughmār family, Tunisia, Ibn Sughmār Family Ibn Sukkarī, Isaac ben Moses, Denia Ibn Sulaymān, Alī, Bible Exegesis Ibn Sulaymān al-Tanakabunī, Muḥammad, Abū ʾl-Barakāt al-Baghdādī Ibn al-Ṣuqā‘ī, Ibn al-Shuwaykh, Isaac ben Israel Ibn al-Tabbān, Levi (Abu ‘l-Fahm) ben Jacob, Ibn al-Tabbān, Levi (Abu 'l-Fahm) ben Jacob, David ben Eleazar ibn Paquda Ibn Tabbon, Samuel, Ibn Ḥasday, Abraham ben Samuel ha-Levi Ibn Tabul, Joseph, Mysticism Ib…

I (I Camondo & Cie Banque Camondo - Ibn Ezra, Judah ben Joseph ha-Nasi)

(2,247 words)

I Camondo & Cie seeBanque Camondo ‘Ibādat al-Ḥubb (The Worship of Love, poem, Mīkhā’īl), Mīkhāʾīl , Murād Ibadites, Mzab Ibb (Yemen)  Jewish community in, Ibb   Jewish quarter, Ibb  Muslim-Jewish relations in, Ibb Iberian peninsula  carpets in, Carpets  Islam in, studies of, Lév…

I (Imre Bina (Words of Understanding, Isaac Farḥi) - Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988))

(1,320 words)

Imre Bina (Words of Understanding, Isaac Farḥi), Judeo-Spanish Literature Imre No‘am (Pleasant Words, Isaiah ben Mordechai Dayan), Dayan Family Imre No‘am (Pleasant Words, Jacob Duwayk-haKohen), Duwayk (Dweck, Dwek, Duek, Douek, Doweck, Dowek) Family Imre Qohelet (Ezra Dangoor), Dangoor, Ezra Sasson ben Reuven Imre Sasson (Sasson’s Words, Sasson Shindukh), Shindukh Family IMRO seeInternal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization Imru le-Goy Nabal (Say to the Scoundrel Nation, poem, Ben Ḥalfon), Ben Ḥalfon, Abraham In Balaam, Judah, Hijā' (Heb. neʿaṣa) In Dioscoridis enarr…

I (Iranian American Jewish Federation - Iskindiriyya lih? (Alexandria . . . Why?, film, Chahine))

(1,604 words)

Iranian American Jewish Federation, Diaspora Communities Iranian Jewish Federation, Kirmanshahchi, Heshmatallah Iranian Jewish Public Affairs Committee (United States), Diaspora Communities Iranian Jews  cultural heritage of, Proverbs  in London, United Kingdom  in Los Angeles, Diaspora Communities Iranian language seePersian language Irano-Judaica (journal, Israel), Journalism Iraq Times (newspaper), Cinema, Arabic, Jews in Iraq/Babylonia, Funerary, Burial, and Mourning Practices  Abbasid rule of, Iraq, Basra, Baghdad   agriculture in, Iraq   economic decli…

I (Iran/Persia - Īrāna company)

(1,723 words)

Iran/Persia  Afghan conquest and occupation of, Bābāī ben Farhād, Iran/Persia, Isfahan, Kitāb-i Sar-Guzasht-i Kāshān dar bāb-i ʿibrī va goyimi-yi sānī, Nādir Shāh, Amīnā, Benjamin ben Mishaʾel, Ashraf, Shah, Maḥmūd, Shah   Jewish support for, Iran/Persia  amulets from, Amulets, Amulets, Amulets  anti- dhimmi violence in, Kitāb-i Anusī  anti-Jewish measures/violence in, Conversion, Iran/Persia, Shiʽa and the Jews, Zoroastrians, (Jewish relations with), Allahyār, Najāsat, Sulaymān, Shah   Iranian sources on, ʿAbbās-nāma   Judeo-Persian accounts of, Judeo-Persia…

I (Iskra (Communist movement, Egypt), Jewish involvement in - Ismā‘īlīsm, Jewish)

(1,080 words)

Iskra (Communist movement, Egypt), Jewish involvement in, Socialism, Socialists, Jewish Role in Islam  anti-Judaism/antisemitism in, Anti-Judaism/Antisemitism/Anti-Zionism, Anti-Judaism/Antisemitism/Anti-Zionism, Ibn Ḥazm, ‘Alī, Polemics (Muslim-Jewish), Polemics (Muslim-Jewish), Iqāmat al-Shuhūd fῑ Radd al-Yahūd  attitudes of   towards Christianity and Judaism, Anti-Judaism/Antisemitism/Anti-Zionism, Polemics (Muslim-Jewish)   towards music, Music, Music  calendar of, used by Jews, Calendar and calendar disputes  centers of, Qayrawan, Qayrawan,…

I (Israel family - Istanbul Amateur Photography and Cinema Club (IFSAK))

(1,804 words)

Israel family, Israel family  rabbis of, Rhodes, Rhodes Israel Folklore Society, Stillman, Yedida Kalfon Israël et l’humanité (Elijah Benamozegh), Benamozegh, Elijah b. Abraham Israel Museum (Jerusalem), Synagogues in the Islamic World Israeli, Isaac, Egypt, Ibn Ḥasday, Abraham ben Samuel ha-Levi, Ibn Yashūsh, Isaac (Abū Ibrāhīm) Ibn Qasṭār, Interfaith Relations, Philosophy, medieval, Qayrawan, Saʿadya Gaon, Tunisia, Dunash (Abū Sahl) ben Tamīm, Ḥasan ben Mar Ḥasan  Maimonides on, Philosophy, medieval Israeli, Israel, Israeli, Israel  commentary on Avot, Israeli, Is…

I (Israel - Israel Discount Bank (Banq Diskonṭ))

(1,554 words)

Israel  absorption of immigrants in, Academic Study of Islamicate Jewry, Zionism Among Sephardi/Mizraḥi Jewry   melting-pot/fusion policies, Israel, State of, Zefira, Bracha   Mizraḥi immigrants, Modern Hebrew Literature by Sephardi/Mizraḥi Writers   population dispersal policies, Israel, State of   selective immigration policies ( seleqṣeya), Seleqṣeya   transit camps, Israel, State of, Israel, State of, Israel, State of  actors/actresses in, Abecassis, Yael, Azoulaï-Hasfari, Hanna, Damari (Damārī), Shoshana, Illouz, Albert, Ivgy, Moshe  Afghani Jews in, Afg…

I (Istanbul Ansiklopedisi (Koçu) - Izmit (Anatolia): Jewish community in, population of)

(1,336 words)

Istanbul Ansiklopedisi (Koçu), Balat Istanbul Chamber of Commerce, Kamhi, Jak V. Istanbul University, Turkish Republic, Navaro, Leyla, Kamhi, Jak V., Kohen, Moïse (Tekinalp, Munis), Medina, Cefi (Jeffi)  Facultu of Law/Law School, Ventura, Michon (Moïses)  Faculty of Law/Law School, Kaneti, Selim  Faculty of Medicine, Nasi, Gad  Pedagogy Department, Razon, Norma Istanbul Water Company, Fernandez, Isaac Ha-Iṣterikh le-Seraq (What is either plain or patterned, does it need to be painted?, poem, Isaac ibn Ghiyyāt), Ibn Ghiyyāth (Ibn Ghayyāth), Isaac ben Judah Istiqlal Party …

Ilbīrī, Abū Iṣḥaq, al-

(830 words)

Author(s): Camilla Adang
The Muslim jurist, poet, and ascetic Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Mas‘ūd b. Sa‘īd al-Tujībī al-Ilbīrī was born at the end of the tenth century in or near the town of Elvira, in the province of Granada, where he was to die in 1067. With the gradual collapse of the Umayyad caliphate, Al-Andalus broke up into numerous petty states ruled by members of different ethnic groups, the so-called mulūk al-ṭawā’if (Ar. party-kings and hence the term Taifa kingdoms); Granada fell to the Berber dynasty of the Zīrids. Abū Isḥāq, who had studied and subsequently taught Mālikī law, acte…
Date: 2015-09-03


(671 words)

Author(s): Daniel Schroeter
The town of Iligh, located in the district of Tazeroualt (Tāzarwālt) in the Anti-Atlas Mountains in the southwestern Sous region of Morocco, rose to importance when Būdamī‘a (d. 1659), the great-grandson of the venerated saint ( murābiṭ) and sharīf Sīdī Aḥmad ū-Mūsā (Sī Ḥmad ū-Mūsā) made it his capital in the 1620s. ‘Alī Būdamī‘a exploited the weakness of the Saʿdian dynasty after the death of Sultan Aḥmad al-Manṣūr to build a base of political power. He accomplished this largely through his control of trade in the western Sahara which was conducted by Jews from nearby Ifrane,…

Illouz, Albert 

(229 words)

Author(s): Amy Kronish
Born in Morocco,  Albert Illouz immigrated to Israel in 1968.  He graduated from Tel Aviv University and began his acting career in children’s theater in 1979. Illouz has appeared in productions of all the major theaters in Israel—Beersheva, Habima, Beit Lessin, and Haifa—and has won recognition and popularity for his professionalism as a supporting actor on the stage and in TV and the movies. The numerous feature films in which he has appeared include Lovesick on Nana St. (directed by Sabi Gavizon)and Aviva My Love and Bonjour Monsieur Shlomi (both directed by Shemi Zarḥin).  1. Filmog…

Illuminated manuscripts (Judeo-Persian)

(984 words)

Author(s): Vera B. Moreen
Iranian Jews strove to emulate the book arts of the Iranian tradition of illuminated manuscripts, which flourished in the Timurid and Ṣafavid eras (ca. 1400–1700) and constitute one of the most magnificent artistic achievements of the Islamic world. Only thirteen Judeo-Persian illuminated manuscripts are known, none earlier than the second half of the seventeenth century ( Mūsā-nāma . SPK or. oct. 2885), and they were clearly inspired by the Muslim Iranian book arts. Most of the surviving Judeo-Persian manuscripts, both illuminated and not, were produ…


(7 words)

Author(s): Norman A. Stillman
see Sous Norman A. Stillman


(895 words)

Author(s): David Yeroushalmi
‘Imrānī, the name, or most likely the takhallu (Pers. nom de plume), of the second most famous poet of Persian Jewry in premodern times, was born in 1454 in Isfahan and in his mid- or late twenties moved to Kashan, where he pursued his literary career until his death, sometime after 1536. ‘Imrānī  was inspired by his predecessor Shāhīn (fl. 14th century), the first and most prominent poet of Persian-speaking Jewry. Together they are the two most admired and influential Judeo-Persian poets. In his pioneering study on Shāhīn and ‘Imrānī, Wilhelm Bacher reached some inaccurate conclusi…


(1,779 words)

Author(s): Shalva Weil
The vast majority of India's 1.1 billion population are Hindus; 13.4 percent are Muslims, 80 percent of whom are Sunni Muslims; 2.5 percent are Christian; and fewer than 0.0004 percent are Jews. The majority of the 4,500 Jews live in Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay), including Konkan (3,600), Pune (300), Ahmedabad (350), New Delhi (50), Calcutta (150), and Cochin (50). Even in its heyday before 1950, Indian Jewry only numbered 28,000 souls. They neither suffered from antisemitism at the hands of their fellow countrymen, nor experienced ethnic tensions with Indian Muslims. Contacts be…


(337 words)

Author(s): Yossef Chetrit
The town of Inezgane, located 7 kilometers (4 miles) from Agadir, had one of the youngest Jewish communities in Morocco. Jews began gradually settling there among the Berber tribe of Ksima in the 1930s, thanks to economic opportunities resulting from the development of the town and the nearby port of Agadir. Inezgane attracted hundreds of Jews from small communities in the Sous region—Ifrane, Goulimine, Iligh, Tahala, Tillin, Tiznit, Tarudant, and even the old port of Agadir Ufella. The newcomer…


(1,139 words)

Author(s): Eve Krakowski
From the early Islamic period until modernity, Jews living under Muslim rule used both Jewish and Islamic legal instruments to transmit property, including cash, movable assets, and real estate (rural and urban), to their relatives, to charitable clients, and to Jewish communal institutions. Patterns of Jewish inheritance can be uncovered from Jewish and Muslim court and state documents, responsa, and communal edicts, which have been unevenly studied and remain mostly unpublished. Until the Ottoman era, most Islamic rulers permitted Jews to transmit property withou…
▲   Back to top   ▲